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Table 2 Odds ratios from multinomial logistic regression of factors associated with frequency of doctor visits per year (n = 880)

From: Associated factors of doctor visits made by urban-dwelling older adults in Sri Lanka: an application of Anderson’s model of health service utilization

Variables 1–5 times doctor visits
OR a (95% CI) b P c
6 to 11 times doctor’s visits per year
OR a (95% CI) b P c
More than 12 times
OR a (95% CI) b P c
Model 1a Model 2a Model 3a Model 1b Model 2b Model 3b Model 1c Model 2c Model 3c
SRH
 Very good or good 0.30 (0.15–0.60) *** 0.25 (0.12–0.51) *** 0.21 (0.10–0.44) *** 0.25 (0.10–0.61) *** 0.22 (0.09–0.55) *** 0.21 (0.08–0.53) *** 0.16 (0.09–0.26) *** 0.14 (0.08–0.24) *** 0.15 (0.09–0.26) ***
 Fair 0.75 (0.39–1.42) ns 0.71 (0.37–1.37) ns 0.62 (0.32–1.21) ns 0.62 (0.28–1.38) ns 0.61 (0.27–1.35) ns 0.57 (0.25–1.30) ns 0.21 (0.12–0.35) *** 0.21 (0.12–0.35) *** 0.22 (0.13–0.37) ***
 Poor 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)   1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Physical activity
 Inactive   0.23 (0.12–0.42) *** 0.21 (0.11–0.40) ***   0.47 (0.23–0.94) * 0.43 (0.21–0.88) **   0.52 (0.35–0.77) *** 0.53 (0.35–0.80) ***
 Active   1 (reference) 1 (reference)   1 (reference) 1 (reference)   1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Age (years)
 60–69    2.18 (0.84–5.66) ns    2.37 (0.50–1.21) ns    1.38 (0.70–2.73) ns
 70–79    2.29 (0.88–5.95) ns    5.49 (1.20–0.04) **    2.03 (1.03–3.99) **
 80 and over    1 (reference)    1 (reference)    1 (reference)
Gender
 Female    0.48 (0.29–0.77) ***    0.48 (0.26–0.89) **    1.25 (0.83–1.88) ns
 Male    1 (reference)    1 (reference)    1 (reference)
Education
 Below Primary education    0.35 (0.14–0.86) *    0.11 (0.02–0.58) ***    0.80 (0.38–1.68) ns
 Secondary education    0.42 (0.21–0.82) **    0.48 (0.21–1.12) ns    0.76 (0.41–1.43) ns
 Tertiary education    1 (reference)    1 (reference)    1 (reference)
  1. No consultation with a doctor in the last 12 months is the reference category for model; a OR Odd Ratio, b CI Confidence Interval, c p value, SRH Self-rated Health; 1 = Reference category for the variable; P * = < 0.05; p ** = < 0.01, p *** = < 0.001; ns Not significant