Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of patient safety activities by demographic and job related characteristics of participants (N = 159)

From: Predictors of patient safety activities among registered nurses and nurse aides in long-term care facilities: cross-sectional study

Characteristics Categories Patient safety activities
M ± SD t or F ( p )
Occupation NAs 4.08 ± 0.56 - 5.28 (< .001)
RNs 4.46 ± 0.35
Age (years.)  < 40 4.07 ± 0.62 0.46 (.713)
40–49 4.07 ± 0.38
50–59 4.19 ± 0.57
60 ≤  3.70 ± 0.70
Marital status Single 4.38 ± 0.44 2.47 (.015)
Married 4.19 ± 0.53
Education level High school a 4.09 ± 0.63 3.43 (.019) a < b,c,d
Diploma/associate b 4.34 ± 0.39
Bachelorc 4.39 ± 0.44
Graduate d 4.34 ± 0.46
Working experience at current facility (years)  < 1 4.23 ± 0.49 0.81 (.489)
1–4 4.27 ± 0.54
5–9 4.40 ± 0.41
10 ≤  4.32 ± 0.47
Work shift type 2 shifts a 4.12 ± 0.72 8.09 (< .001) a,b,c > d
3 shifts b 4.03 ± 0.58
Fixed day shift c 4.20 ± 0.62
Others d 3.80 ± 0.72
Experiences of reporting safety incident in a year No 4.13 ± 0.54 -2.47 (.015)
Yes 4.35 ± 0.46
Safety incident prevention education in a year No 4.41 ± 0.55 0.71 (.494)
Yes 4.28 ± 0.49
Facility admission capacity (beds)  < 100 4.21 ± 0.58 1.59 (.207)
100–199 4.28 ± 0.50
200 ≤  4.39 ± 0.36
Mean number of residents assigned per a nursing staff (person)  < 50 a 4.17 ± 0.51 4.77 (.010) a < c
50–99 b 4.38 ± 0.51
100 ≤ c 4.44 ± 0.34
Facility evaluation rating A a 4.34 ± 0.47 5.64 (.004) a,b > c
B b 4.35 ± 0.46
C c 3.95 ± 0.53
Ownership Public a 4.41 ± 0.35 2.39 (.095)
Foundation b 4.23 ± 0.60
Private c 4.23 ± 0.48
Proportion of RNs (%)e  < 25 a 4.02 ± 0.62 3.63 (.014) a < d
25–49 b 4.32 ± 0.53
50–74 c 4.29 ± 0.45
75 ≤ d 4.46 ± 0.35
  1. From: Predictors of Patient Safety Activities among Registered Nurses and Nurse Aides in Long-term Care Facilities
  2. * Including fixed night shift, on-call, and 24-h shift
  3. Proportion of RNs = RNs/(RNs + NAs) × 100
  4. M Mean, SD Standard deviation, yrs Years, NA Nurse aide, RN Registered nurse
  5. a,b,c,d Scheffe’s test