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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the men and women of the study population (n = 5856)

From: Exploring the difference between men and women in physical functioning: How do sociodemographic, lifestyle- and health-related determinants contribute?

Population N (%)   Men Women
2762 (47.0) 3094 (53.0)
Age Mean (SD) 47.9 (10.5) 46.9 (10.6)
Physical functioninga Mean score (SD) 89.5 (15.8) 86.0 (18.0)
Socio-demographic determinants
 Level of educationb % Low 39.4 55.2
% Medium 34.3 26.3
% High 26.4 18.6
 Work status % Unemployed 24.4 52.1
 Living arrangements % Living alone 6.7 9.2
Lifestyle-related determinants
 Alcohol consumption % ≤ 1 glass/day 46.6 78.5
% > 1 glass/day 53.4 21.5
 Current smoking status % Current Smoker 29.4 29.8
 Physical activity (h/week) Mean (SD) 28.8 (21.7) 39.7 (20.4)
 Sleep duration % Short (≤ 6 h/night) 19.9 13.7
% Normal (7–8 h/night) 74.2 78.4
% Long (≥ 9 h/night) 5.9 7.9
 BMI (kg/m2) Mean (SD) 26.0 (3.3) 25.4 (4.3)
% Underweight (BMI < 18) 0.2 0.6
% Normal weight (18 ≤ BMI < 25) 39.3 50.3
% Overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30) 47.2 33.3
% Obese (BMI ≥ 30) 13.4 15.8
Health-related determinants
 Chronic diseases % None 59.3 56.5
% One disease 36.9 40.5
% ≥ 2 diseases 3.8 3.0
 Pain % None 50.9 39.1
% Mild 35.8 40.9
% Moderate to severe 13.3 20.0
 Mental health (MHI-5) % Poor mental health (< 60) 13.1 20.3
  1. Abbreviations: SD Standard Deviation, BMI Body Mass Index
  2. a Physical functioning scale of the Dutch version of the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)
  3. b Low = elementary, lower vocational or general intermediate education; Medium = intermediate vocational, general secondary or higher vocational education; High = college education and university