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Table 3 Logistic regression of outcomes during hospitalization according to FBG/HbA1c quartiles

From: Fasting blood glucose-to-glycated hemoglobin ratio and all-cause mortality among Chinese in-hospital patients with acute stroke: a 12-month follow-up study

Outcomes FBG/HbA1c n Events, n (%) Crude OR (95% CI) p Value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p Value
Secondary outcomes: during hospitalization
 Infectious complicationsa Q1 (≤ 0.81) 214 21 (9.8) Ref   Ref  
Q2 (0.82–0.91) 212 23 (10.8) 1.12 (0.60–2.09) 0.725 1.13 (0.56–2.24) 0.738
Q3 (0.92–1.06) 210 29 (13.8) 1.47 (0.81–2.68) 0.204 1.14 (0.58–2.23) 0.706
Q4 (≥ 1.07) 210 67 (31.9) 4.31 (2.52–7.36)  < 0.001 2.37 (1.27–4.43) 0.007
 Pneumoniaa Q1 (≤ 0.81) 214 19 (8.9) Ref   Ref  
Q2 (0.82–0.91) 212 14 (6.6) 0.73 (0.35–1.49) 0.381 0.70 (0.30–1.47) 0.669
Q3 (0.92–1.06) 210 21 (10.0) 1.14 (0.59–2.29) 0.693 0.82 (0.39–1.70) 0.818
Q4 (≥ 1.07) 210 48 (22.9) 3.04 (1.72–5.38)  < 0.001 1.44 (0.73–2.82) 0.573
 Urinary tract infectiona Q1 (≤ 0.81) 214 3 (1.4) Ref   Ref  
Q2 (0.82–0.91) 212 6 (2.8) 2.05 (0.51–8.30) 0.315 1.67 (0.39–7.14) 0.488
Q3 (0.92–1.06) 210 5 (2.4) 1.72 (0.41–7.27) 0.464 1.71 (0.38–7.63) 0.458
Q4 (≥ 1.07) 210 8 (3.8) 2.78 (0.73–10.65) 0.134 2.32 (0.53–10.13) 0.265
 NIHSS ≥ 6 post dischargeb Q1 (≤ 0.81) 214 29 (14.1) Ref   Ref  
Q2 (0.82–0.91) 212 30 (14.7) 1.05 (0.61–1.83) 0.856 1.22 (0.60–2.49) 0.585
Q3 (0.92–1.06) 210 39 (19.4) 1.47 (0.87–2.49) 0.151 0.81 (0.40–1.62) 0.546
Q4 (≥ 1.07) 210 67 (34.0) 3.15 (1.93–5.14)  < 0.001 1.63 (0.83–3.22) 0.156
 Dysfunction post discharge (Bathel ≤ 60)b Q1 (≤ 0.81) 214 81 (31.9) Ref   Ref  
Q2 (0.82–0.91) 212 88 (41.5) 1.11 (0.74–1.66) 0.630 1.06 (0.64–1.79) 0.818
Q3 (0.92–1.06) 210 114 (51.3) 1.56 (1.04–2.32) 0.030 1.22 (0.74–20.3) 0.442
Q4 (≥ 1.07) 210 139 (66.2) 2.72 (1.82–4.04)  < 0.001 1.79 (1.06–3.01) 0.029
  1. Quartiles of FBG/HbA1c ratio, Q1 ≤ 0.81, 0.82 ≤ Q2 < 0.91, 0.92 ≤ Q3 < 1.06, Q4 ≥ 1.07
  2. FBG Fasting blood glucose, HbA1c Glycated hemoglobin, NIHSS The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale
  3. aAdjusted for sex, age, NIHSS, WBC, type of stroke, diabetes, previous stroke, alcohol abuse, risk of malnutrition, length of hospital stay, and nutrition support
  4. bAdjusted for sex, age, NIHSS, type of stroke, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, hyperlipemia, previous stroke, history of smoking and history of drinking