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Table 4 Clinical changes and cut-offs from baseline to the ten-week follow-up within each group

From: ASSIST: a reablement program for older adults in Sweden – a feasibility study 

Measures IG CG
Baseline Mean (SD) 2nd follow-up Mean (SD) Mean difference Clinical change/ cut of Baseline Mean (SD) 2nd follow up Mean (SD) Mean difference Clinical change/ cut of
COPM Performance (1–10) 4.22 (1.31) 7.59 (1.55) 3.37  > 2 2.55 (1.73) 5.17 (3.24) 2.62  > 2
COPM Satisfaction (1–10) 3.47 (1.96) 7.87 (1.86) 4.40  > 2 2.80 (1.61) 5.76 (3.20) 2.96  > 2
Barthel Index (0–100) 54.29 (26.99) 82.14 (6.36) 27.85  > 95 71 (24.12) 82.50 (24.30) 11.50  > 95
KATZ (0–10) 2.86 (1.95) 5.29 (1.70) 2.43 10 4.60 (1.89) 6 (2.75) 1.40 10
FAI (0–45) 15.14 (10.96) 8.00 (3.51) - 7.14 - 20.20 (13.25) 16.70 (9.21) -3.50 -
SES (18–180) 76.86 (28.03) 105.33 (23.10) 28.47 >  + 90 99.40 (31.83) 129.50 (45.29) 30.10  >  + 90
RNLI (11–44) 29.43 (3.50) 33.86 (4.67) 4.43 - 31.40 (9.50) 32.70 (5.52) 1.30 -
HADS A (0–21) 4 (3.51)  4 (3.51) 0  > 7 5.70 (4.08) 4.10 (3.87) -1.60  > 7
HADS D (0–21) 3.71 (2.43) 3.71 (3.25) 0  > 7 4.80 (3.49) 3.30 (2.58) - 1.50  > 7
LiSat 11.1 (1–6) 3.71 (1.70) 4.29 (1.11) 0.58 4–5 4.11 (0.60) undefined 4.60 (0.97) 0.49 4–5
EQ-5D-3L (0–1) 0.13 (0.27) 0.43 (0.26) 0.30  > 0.1 0.36 (0.41) 0.54 (0.34) 0.18  > 0.1
EQ-VAS (0–100) 40 (11.54) 62.14 (10.75) 22.14  > 10 54.70 (21.41) 61.50 (24.83) 6.80  > 10
SOC-13 (13–91) 64.86 (9.72) 67.43 (7.37) 2.57 > 61 71.50 (5.75) 66.30 (12.05) -5.20 > 61
WHODAS 2.0 (0–60) ↓1 38.29 (8.40) 34 (12.94) -4.29 - 31.50 (10.45) 31.25 (11.84) -0.25 -
COOP/WONKA (0–25) ↓1 19.80 (3.27) 15 (4) -4.80 - 17.20 (5.02) 15.78 (7.78) -1.42 -
  1. Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM); Frenchay Activity Index (FAI); Self-efficacy Scale (SES); Re-integration to normal living index (RNLI); Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)—Anxiety (A), Depression (D); Life Satisfaction Scale 11 (LiSat-11); EQ-VAS (EQ-Visual Analogue Scale); Sense of Coherence 13 (SOC- 13); WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 – 12 (WHODAS 2.0); The Darthmouth Functional Health Assessment Chart/WONKA (COOP/WONKA)
  2. Clinically significant level or cut-off score for each instrument: COPM – an increase of 2 is considered a clinically significant change; Barthel and KATZ – higher score = more independence, total independent if scoring + 95 or 10; FAI – Higher score = higher independency, no cut-off score; SES – responses above 5 (1–10) implies confident in performing activities, 18 activities give a mean score of 90; RNLI – higher scores = the better the client perceives integration, no cut-off score. HADS A/D—scores below 7 indicates no anxiety/depression; LiSat – a score of 4–5 = average score, higher score = more satisfied; EQ-5D-3L + VAS – a change more than 0.1 resp. 10 indicates a clinical change; SOC-13 – Swedish average value 61 (SD 9), a higher score equal to a higher sense of coherence; WHODAS 2.0 and COOP/WONKA – lower scores indicates lesser health problems, no cut-off score
  3. a higher score indicates a better outcome, ↓ a lower score indicates a better outcome
  4. 1WHODAS 2.0 and COOP/WONKA were measured at the 1.st follow up, not at baseline