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Table 2 Example of coding scheme. In this example the categories that constitute the theme “Restoring dignity in relation to others” is displayed. Each category is made up of several codes but only one example for each category is presented here. Likewise, each code is made up of several condensed meaning units, but only one meaning unit for each code is presented here

From: Managing abusive experiences: a qualitative study among older adults in Sweden

Meaning Unit (quote) Condensed meaning unit Code Category Theme
About the desired response from the health care system after telling about abuse:
“Absolutely believe the person that tells. That is the first thing. That is absolutely most important, and not be sceptical, and sort of “No, well… perhaps…” That is a very common attitude. Instead, one has to truly believe what is said, and then in all ways possible give support.”
In health care:
Absolutely believe the one that tells [about abuse]. That is the first thing. That is absolutely most important […] one has to truly believe what is said, and then in all ways possible give support
Most important is that the health care staff believes in me and give support Someone that listens and believes in me Restoring dignity in relation to others
About abuse in health care:
“When physicians have some sort of meeting and have lectures and so on, one could bring this up as an example”
When physicians have some sort of meeting […] one could bring this up as an example Use my experience to learn from Hope that the
Organization learn from my negative
experience
About abuse by a partner
“Do it one more time and I will bust you for it. Then he started laughing. You can laugh I said, but you won’t laugh if you do it, because I promise I will report you to the police”
Do it one more time and I will bust you for it. […] you won’t laugh if you do it, because I promise I will report you to the police Speaking up against the abuser Stand up or speaking up for oneself
About abuse at a nursing home:
Sometimes I get so mad and can not fall asleep when things have happened. Then I lay thinking about it and get angry. So I feel kind of powerless.”
I get so mad and can’t sleep. Then I lay thinking about it and get angry. I feel kind of powerless Feel powerless when abuse occurred at nursing home Difficulties
speaking up
because of help
dependence