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Table 1 Population characteristics in total population and per gender

From: Gender differences regarding intention to use mHealth applications in the Dutch elderly population: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total population (360) Male (N = 155) (43.1%) Female (N = 205) (56.9%) P -Value
Age in years, mean (SD) 74.9 (7.0) 74.0 (6.9) 75.6 (7.0) .020b
Education, no. (%)     .004a
  Lower education 65 (18.7) 22 (14.8) 43 (21.6)  
  Intermediate education 159 (45.7) 61 (40.9) 98 (49.2)  
  Higher education 124 (35.6) 66 (44.3) 58 (29.2)  
Marital status, no. (%)      < .001a
  Wedded 189 (52.9) 103 (67.3) 86 (42.2)  
  Divorced 51 (14.3) 19 (12.4) 32 (15.7)  
  Widowed 87 (24.4) 18 (11.8) 69 (33.8)  
  Unwedded 22 (6.2) 7 (4.6) 15 (7.4)  
  Sustainable cohabitation 8 (2.2) 6 (3.9) 2 (1.0)  
Living arrangement, no. (%)      < .001a
  Living independently, alone 126 (35.5) 31 (20.4) 95 (46.8)  
  Living independently, with other 160 (45.1) 87 (57.2) 73 (36.0)  
  Senior living facility, alone 34 (9.6) 14 (9.2) 20 (9.9)  
  Senior living facility, with other 35 (9.9) 20 (13.2) 15 (7.4)  
Health literacy, no. (%)     .267a c
  Inadequate 49 (14.3) 26 (17.0) 23 (12.2)  
  Adequate 293 (85.7) 127 (83.0) 166 (87.8)  
  ADL score, mean (SD) 14.7 (2.3) 15.0 (2.2) 14.4 (2.3)  < .001b
  Quality of life (0–10), mean (SD) 7.6 (1.2) 7.5 (1.3) 7.6 (1.1) .802b
  Prior experience with internet, no. (%) 306 (85.2) 143 (92.3) 163 (79.9) .002a c
  Prior experience with medical apps, no. (%) 58 (16.2) 26 (16.8) 32 (15.8) .911a c
  Intention to use mobile medical apps, no. (%) 181 (50.3) 92 (59.4) 89 (43.4) .004a c
  1. a Chi-Squared test
  2. b Mann–Whitney U test
  3. c Continuity Correction