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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis of obesity defined by BMI predicting sarcopenia and its parameters according to sexa

From: Central obesity is associated with lower prevalence of sarcopenia in older women, but not in men: a cross-sectional study

Response variables Unadjusted model Fully adjusted model
  Men Women Men Women
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Low HGSb 0.90 (0.70–1.59) 0.71 (0.47–1.09) 0.84 (0.55–1.29) 0.70 (0.45–1.11)
Low ASMIb 0.16 (0.11–0.21)** 0.17 (0.12–0.25)** 0.14 (0.10–0.20)** 0.17 (0.12–0.25)**
Low SPPBb 1.05 (0.62–1.77) 1.39 (0.99–1.96) 1.11 (0.62–1.98) 1.40 (0.96–2.05)
Sarcopeniac 0.31 (0.18–0.53)** 0.20 (0.10–0.39)** 0.28 (0.16–0.50)** 0.17 (0.08–0.35)**
Severe sarcopeniad 0.49 (0.14–1.79) 0.33 (0.09–1.18) 0.51 (0.13–2.08) 0.25 (0.06–1.06)
  1. Abbreviations: OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, HGS Handgrip strength, ASMI Appendicular skeletal muscle mass index, SPPB Short physical performance battery
  2. The fully adjusted model was adjusted for age, hypertension, dyslipidemia, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, smoking history, alcohol history, location of residence, family group, number of medications, and MMSE-KC score
  3. aBMI ≥ 25 kg/m2
  4. bLow HGS, < 28 kg for men and < 18 kg for women; low ASMI, < 7.0 kg/m2 for men and < 5.4 kg/m2 for women; low SPPB, score ≤ 9 for both sexes
  5. cSarcopenia: low ASMI (< 7.0 kg/m2 for men and < 5.4 kg/m2 for women) and either a low HGS (< 28 kg for men and < 18 kg for women), or low physical performance (SPPB score ≤ 9 for both sexes)
  6. dSevere sarcopenia: low ASMI with low HGS and low physical performance
  7. *P < 0.05
  8. **P < 0.01