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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics stratified by sex

From: Association between physical activity and physical and functional performance in non-institutionalized Mexican older adults: a cohort study

  Total
n = 300
mean a (95% CI)
Men
n = 51
mean a (95% CI)
Women
n = 249
mean a (95% CI)
P value
Age (years), mean (SD) 71.3 (7.9) 71.5 ± 7.5 71.3 ± 8.0 0.887 b
Marital status, n (%)
Married 111(37.1) 35 (68.6) 76 (30.6)  < 0.001c
 Free Union 4 (1.3) 3 (5.8) 2 (0.4)
 Single 46 (15.3) 4 (7.8) 42 (16.9)
 Separated 13 (4.3) 0(0) 13 (5.2)
 Divorced 19 (6.3) 2(3.9) 17 (6.8)
 Widowed 106 (35.4) 7 (13.7) 99 (39.9)
Years of schooling 9.1 (8.6–9.74) 11.0 (9.7–12.4) 8.8 (8.2–9.4) 0.001d
Occupation, n (%)
 Unemployed 2 (0.6) 2 (3.9) 0(0)  < 0.001c
 Retiree with pension 83 (27.6) 31 (60.7) 52 (20.8)
 Retiree without pension 13 (4.3) 7 (13.7) 6 (2.4)
 Informal commerce 6 (2.0) 2 (3.9) 4 (1.6)
 Office worker 10 (3.3) 1 (1.9) 9 (3.6)
 Independent professional 10 (3.3) 3 (5.8) 7 (2.8)
 Businessman or boss 3 (1.0) 2 (3.9) 1 (0.4)
 Housewife 159 (53.0) 0 (0) 159 (63.8)
 Inactive 2 (0.6) 1 (1.9) 1 (0.4)
 Other activity 12 (4.0) 2 (3.9) 10 (4.0)
Nutrition status, n (%)
 Normal 227 (78.5) 45 (88.2) 182 (76.47) 0.176 e
 Risk of malnutrition 59 (20.4) 6 (11.7) 53 (22.2)
 Malnutrition 3 (1.0) 0(0) 3 (1.2)
Smoking status, n (%)
 Current tobacco use 38 (12.6) 8 (15.6) 30 (12.0) 0.034 e
 Currently does not consume 102 (34.0) 24 (47.0) 78 (31.3)
 Never 160 (53.3) 19 (37.2) 141 (56.6)
Drugs, n (%)
 Consume 111 (37.3) 14 (27.4) 97 (39.4) 0.115 e
 Does not consume 186 (62.6) 37 (72.5) 149 (60.5)
Alcohol, n (%)
 Has never drunk alcohol 88 (29.4) 8 (15.6) 80 (32.2)  < 0.001c
 Currently does not drink 51 (17.0) 12 (23.5) 39 (15.7)
 Drink sporadically 138 (46.1) 19 (37.2) 119 (47.9)
 Less than once a week 13 (4.3) 7 (13.7) 6 (2.4)
 One or two days a week 3 (1.0) 3 (5.8) 0(0)
 Five to six days a week 1 (0.3) 0(0) 1 (0.4)
 Every day of the week 5 (1.6) 2 (3.9) 3 (1.2)
Depressive symptoms 4.3 (3.9–4.8) 3.9 (2.9–5.3) 4.4 (3.9–5.0) 0.003 d
Cognitive status 26.6 (26.3–27.0) 27.4 (26.7–28.1) 26.5 (26.1–26.9) 0.038 d
Medication use 3.9 (3.6–4.3) 3.3 (2.6–4.1) 4.1 (3.8–4.5) 0.038 d
Presence of comorbidities 1.6 (1.5–1.8) 1.7 (1.4–2.1) 1.6 (1.5–1.8) 0.688 d
BADLf 98.4 (98.0, 98.9) 98.1 (97.0, 99.2) 98.5 (98.0, 99.0) 0.252 d
IADLg 7.6 (7.5, 7.7) 7.5 (7.3, 7.8) 7.6 (7.5, 7.7) 0.106 d
Physical performance 8.7 (8.4,9.0) 9.4 (9.0, 9.8) 8.5 (8.2, 8.8) 0.037 d
Moderate to vigorous PAh 2.2 (1.9, 2.5) 2.9 (2.1, 4.1) 2.1 (1.8, 2.4) 0.051d
  1. aGeometric mean (95% CI), bStudent’s t test, cPearson’s Chi Square test, dU of Mann Whitney, eFisher’s Exact Test, fBasic Activities of Daily Living, gInstrumental Activities of Daily Living, hPhysical Activity