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Table 2 Results of the regression analysis

From: Trajectories and determinants of emergency department use among nursing home residents: a time series analysis (2012–2019)

Variables Adjusted ORa 95% CI
Age
  < 66 1  
 66–80 0.95 [0.90–1.00]
 81–90 0.82 [0.78–0.86]
  > 90 0.64 [0.60–0.67]
Sex
 Female 1  
 Male 1.27 [1.24–1.30]
Chronic conditions identified at NH admission
 Other diseases 1  
 Cardiovascular diseases 0.85 [0.77–0.93]
 Digestive system diseases 1.08 [0.96–1.22]
 Endocrine and metabolic diseases 0.91 [0.83–1.01]
 Haematological disorder 0.85 [0.71–1.02]
 Infectious diseases 0.80 [0.67–0.96]
 Mental disorders 0.75 [0.68–0.82]
 Missing 0.80 [0.72–0.90]
 Musculoskeletal diseases 0.84 [0.76–0.94]
 Neoplasms 0.82 [0.74–0.92]
 Neurological disorders 0.82 [0.74–0.90]
 Perinatal and congenital disorders 0.82 [0.70–0.96]
 Respiratory diseases 1.06 [0.95–1.17]
 Trauma and injury 0.81 [0.73–0.90]
 Urogenital diseases 1.16 [1.03–1.31]
Assistance intensity
 Low and medium/low 1  
 High and medium/high 0.99 [0.96–1.00]
Need for assistance in daily life
 Independent 1  
 Needs some help 0.98 [0.93–1.02]
 Dependent 0.86 [0.82–0.91]
Mobility
 Independent 1  
 Walks with help of one person 1.01 [0.98–1.05]
 Immobile 0.93 [0.89–0.96]
Cognitive impairments
 Absent 1  
 Moderate 0.95 [0.92–0.97]
 Serious 0.86 [0.84–0.89]
Behavioural disturbances
 Present 1  
 Absent 0.92 [0.90–0.94]
  1. NH nursing home care, OR odds ratio, CI 95% confidence interval
  2. aOR of one or more ED visits, computed by GLM analysis