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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients receiving residential care (N = 37,311) who visited the Emergency Department (ED)-2012/2019

From: Trajectories and determinants of emergency department use among nursing home residents: a time series analysis (2012–2019)

Variables N. %
Age
  < 66 1112 2,98
 66–80 8852 23,72
 81–90 18,291 49,02
  > 90 9056 24,27
Sex
 Female 26,886 72,06
 Male 10,425 27,94
Chronic conditions identified at NH admission
 Other diseases 372 1,00
 Cardiovascular diseases 9092 24,37
 Digestive system diseases 314 0,84
 Endocrine and metabolic diseases 1778 4,77
 Haematological disorder 117 0,31
 Infectious diseases 126 0,34
 Mental disorders 9697 25,99
 Missing 5913 15,85
 Musculoskeletal diseases 910 2,44
 Neoplasms 757 2,03
 Neurological disorders 5847 15,67
 Perinatal and congenital disorders 169 0,45
 Respiratory diseases 874 2,34
 Trauma and injury 1029 2,76
 Urogenital diseases 316 0,85
Assistance intensity
 Low and medium/low 13,098 35,10
 High and medium/high 24,213 64,90
Need for assistance in daily life
 Independent 1542 4,13
 Needs some help 10,850 29,08
 Dependent 19,621 52,59
 Missing 5298 14,20
Mobility
 Independent 4013 10,76
 Walks with help of one person 5550 14,87
 Immobile 22,450 60,17
 Missing 5298 14,20
Cognitive impairments
 Absent 6322 16,94
 Moderate 9515 25,50
 Serious 16,176 43,35
 Missing 5298 14,20
Behavioural disturbances
 Present 18,138 48,61
 Absent 13,875 37,19
 Missing 5298 14,20
Destination after discharge from NH
 Home 567 1,52
 Admitted to Hospital 849 2,28
 Other type of residential facilities 1078 2,89
 Dead in NH 24,452 65,54
 No discharge 10,365 27,78