Skip to main content

Table 2 Percentage of older adults with cognitive impairment

From: Assessing socioeconomic inequalities in cognitive impairment among older adults: a study based on a cross-sectional survey in India

Variables Percentage (Cognitive impairment) p-value
Self-perceived income sufficiency   < 0.001
 Has income and fully sufficient 43.5  
 Has income and partially sufficient 65.6  
 Has income and not sufficient 71.1  
 No income 63.8  
Work Status (last one year)   < 0.001
 Never worked 66.0  
 Currently working 53.0  
 Retired 32.8  
Educational status   < 0.001
 No education 70.6  
 Below 5 years 63.6  
 6 to 10 years 40.8  
 11+ years 31.0  
Marital status   < 0.001
 Not in union 68.9  
 Currently in union 54.2  
Asset ownership   < 0.001
 No 71.6  
 Yes 57.5  
Age group (in years)   < 0.001
 60-69 53.1  
 70-79 68.2  
 80+ 78.5  
Gender   < 0.001
 Men 53.0  
 Women 66.3  
Co-residing with children   0.006
 No 57.8  
 Yes 60.9  
Self-rated health   < 0.001
 Good 48.9  
 Poor 69.0  
IADL   < 0.001
 High 49.6  
 Low 68.0  
ADL   < 0.001
 High 58.0  
 Low 84.7  
Subjective well-being   < 0.001
 High 54.7  
 Low 74.6  
Psychological health   < 0.001
 High 55.0  
 Low 76.5  
Wealth status   < 0.001
 Poorest 71.2  
 Poorer 65.1  
 Middle 60.1  
 Richer 48.7  
 Richest 48.7  
Religion   < 0.001
 Hindu 59.6  
 Muslims 67.1  
 Sikh 56.1  
 Others 64.0  
Caste   < 0.001
 Scheduled Caste 66.2  
 Scheduled Tribe 71.4  
 Other Backward Class 56.5  
 Others 58.3  
Place of residence   < 0.001
 Rural 63.0  
 Urban 51.6  
State   < 0.001
 Himachal Pradesh 54.2  
 Punjab 54.9  
 West Bengal 81.9  
 Orissa 69.3  
 Maharashtra 55.0  
 Kerala 66.3  
 Tamil Nadu 40.7  
Total 60.0  
  1. p-value based on chi-square test; IADL Instrumental activities of daily living, ADL Activities of daily living