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Table 1 Socioeconomic and demographic profile of older adults

From: Assessing socioeconomic inequalities in cognitive impairment among older adults: a study based on a cross-sectional survey in India

Variables Sample Percentage
Cognitive impairment
 No 3670 40.0
 Yes 5506 60.0
Self-perceived income sufficiency
 Has income and fully sufficient 2156 23.5
 Has income and partially sufficient 2410 26.3
 Has income and not sufficient 661 7.2
 No income 3949 43.0
Work Status (last one year)
 Never worked 6174 67.3
 Currently working 2208 24.1
 Retired 794 8.7
Educational status
 Not educated 4654 50.7
 Below 5 years 1890 20.6
 6 to 10 years 2072 22.6
 11+ years 559 6.1
Marital status
 Not in union 3632 39.6
 Currently in union 5544 60.4
Asset ownership
 No 1610 17.6
 Yes 7566 82.5
Age group (in years)
 60-69 5667 61.8
 70-79 2525 27.5
 80+ 984 10.7
Gender
 Men 4339 47.3
 Women 4837 52.7
Co-residing with children
 No 2701 29.4
 Yes 6475 70.6
Self-rated health
 Good 4096 44.6
 Poor 5080 55.4
IADL
 High 3995 43.5
 Low 5181 56.5
ADL
 High 8498 92.6
 Low 678 7.4
Subjective well-being
 High 6720 73.2
 Low 2456 26.8
Psychological health
 High 7024 76.6
 Low 2152 23.5
Wealth status
 Poorest 2170 23.7
 Poorer 2024 22.1
 Middle 1903 20.7
 Richer 1708 18.6
 Richest 1370 14.9
Religion
 Hindu 7299 79.6
 Muslims 644 7.0
 Sikh 847 9.2
 Others 386 4.2
Caste
 Scheduled Caste 1897 20.7
 Scheduled Tribe 515 5.6
 Other Backward Class 3353 36.5
 Others 3411 37.2
Place of residence
 Rural 6783 73.9
 Urban 2393 26.1
State
 Himachal Pradesh 1456 15.9
 Punjab 1240 13.5
 West Bengal 1127 12.3
 Orissa 1453 15.8
 Maharashtra 1230 13.4
 Kerala 1340 14.6
 Tamil Nadu 1330 14.5
Total 9176 100.0
  1. IADL Instrumental activities of daily living, ADL Activities of daily living