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Table 6 Preference heterogeneity across income, marital status, and caregiver’s age in latent class model

From: Preference of caregivers on residential care homes for older persons with versus without communication problems: a discrete choice experiment

  Class 1 Class 2 Class 3
Coeff. 95%CI Coeff. 95%CI Coeff. 95%CI
Attribute levels
 Type of care homes: NGO care homes 1.14* (0.29, 1.99) 2.07* (1.04, 3.10) −0.64 (−1.88, 0.61)
 Distance: half an hour to one hour travelling time 0.58 (−0.03, 1.18) 0.10 (−0.87, 1.07) 0.20 (−0.26, 0.65)
 Distance: Within half an hour travelling time 1.10* (0.18, 2.02) 0.43 (−1.08, 1.94) 0.30 (−0.42, 1.01)
 Room type: shared room (2–3 people) 1.37 (−0.06, 2.81) 0.35 (−0.58, 1.28) 0.14 (−0.47, 0.75)
 Room type: single room 1.79 (−0.34, 3.92) 0.27 (−1.03, 1.56) 0.42 (−0.21, 1.05)
 Manpower: more healthcare professionals −0.18 (−0.65, 0.28) 0.61 (−0.38, 1.60) 0.49 (−0.08, 1.07)
 Enhanced service: flexible choice of enhanced services 0.14 (−0.96, 1.25) 0.18 (−0.85, 1.20) 1.23* (0.85, 1.61)
 Copayment (per HK$1000) −1.26* (−2.46, −0.06) 0.08 (−0.59, 0.76) 0.03 (−0.17, 0.23)
 Opt-out −42.59 -a 0.59 (−0.87, 2.05) −3.11 (−6.95, 0.73)
 Class share 0.346   0.232   0.422  
Membership
 Communication problem 0.45 (−0.55, 1.45) 0.58 (−1.27, 2.44) Ref
 Higher income (HK15,000+) −0.97* (−1.89, − 0.05) −0.39 (− 1.54, 0.75) Ref
 Married older person 0.36 (−0.53, 1.25) 0.35 (−0.66, 1.37) Ref
 Caregiver aged 60+ years 0.50 (−0.37, 1.37) 0.38 (−0.68, 1.44) Ref
 Obs 3396      
 Log likelihood − 662.093      
 BIC 1324.187      
  1. aThe confidence interval was omitted due to large standard error
  2. *P < 0.05; the reference levels of the attributes are: 1) Type of care homes: private for-profit homes; 2) Distance: Over one hour travelling time; 3) Room type: Shared room (4–6 people); 4) Manpower: more care workers; and 5) Enhanced service: limited choices in enhanced services