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Table 3 A history of child abusea as a determinant of cognitive functioning by multivariate linear regression

From: The impact of a history of child abuse on cognitive performance: a cross-sectional study in older patients with a depressive, anxiety, or somatic symptom disorder

  Unadjusted Adjustedb
B (SE) β p-value f2 B (SE) β p-value f2
Visual-verbal memory (factor 1)
Model 1:
  • Any child abuse (yes/no) 0.37 (0.15) 0.18 .016 0.03 0.21 (0.14) 0.10 .153 0.01
Model 2:
  • Physical abuse (yes/no) 0.40 (0.17) 0.17 .020 0.08 0.31 (0.15) 0.13 .048 0.04
  • Sexual abuse (yes/no) 0.53 (0.17) 0.23 .002 0.31 (0.16) 0.13 .058
  • Psychological abuse (yes/no) 0.29 (0.16) 0.14 .068 0.25 (0.15) 0.12 .089
  • Emotional neglect (yes/no) 0.22 (0.15) 0.11 .149 0.09 (0.14) 0.05 .517
Psychomotor speed (factor 2)
Model 1:
  • Any child abuse (yes/no) 0.24 (0.14) 0.13 .089 0.02 0.24 (0.15) 0.13 .111 0.02
Model 2:
  • Physical abuse (yes/no) 0.22 (0.16) 0.10 .175 0.02 0.18 (0.17) 0.08 .288 0.01
  • Sexual abuse (yes/no) −0.05 (0.16) −0.02 .780 −0.05 (0.17) −0.03 .753
  • Psychological abuse (yes/no) 0.20 (0.15) 0.10 .174 0.19 (0.16) 0.10 .220
  • Emotional neglect (yes/no) 0.15 (0.14) 0.08 .276 0.15 (0.15) 0.08 .320
Working memory (factor 3)
Model 1:
  • Any child abuse (yes/no) 0.10 (0.15) 0.05 .508 < 0.01 0.11 (0.15) 0.06 .447 < 0.01
Model 2:
  • Physical abuse (yes/no) 0.15 (0.17) 0.07 .362 0.06 0.10 (0.16) 0.04 .546 0.04
  • Sexual abuse (yes/no) 0.15 (0.17) 0.07 .366 0.11 (0.16) 0.05 .503
  • Psychological abuse (yes/no) −0.18 (0.15) −0.09 .240 −0.17 (0.15) −0.08 .256
  • Emotional neglect (yes/no) 0.20 (0.15) 0.10 .173 0.22 (0.14) 0.11 .130
Interference control (factor 4)
Model 1:
  • Any child abuse (yes/no) −0.08 (0.16) −0.04 .607 < 0.01 −0.23 (0.17) −0.11 .172 0.01
Model 2:
  • Physical abuse (yes/no) −0.45 (0.18) −0.19 .010 0.06 −0.55 (0.18) −0.23 .002 0.07
  • Sexual abuse (yes/no) 0.08 (0.18) 0.03 .658 0.05 (0.19) 0.02 .773
  • Psychological abuse (yes/no) −0.08 (0.16) − 0.04 .621 −0.19 (0.17) − 0.09 .271
  • Emotional neglect (yes/no) −0.19 (0.16) −0.09 .222 −0.35 (0.16) −0.17 .032
  1. a Separate analyses for the determinants in model 1 regarding the history of any type of abuse (yes/no), and model 2 regarding the four types of child abuse (yes/no) entered simultaneously
  2. b Adjusted for age, sex, level of education, number of somatic diseases, antidepressant drug use, benzodiazepine use, depressive symptom severity, anxiety level, hypochondriacal beliefs, alcohol use, smoking and physical activity