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Table 2 Comparison of medication use at admission and at discharge

From: Prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications based on the STOPPFrail criteria in frail older patients with limited life expectancy: a cross-sectional study

  Admission Discharge p-value
Regular medications 11.3 ± 4.7 7.9 ± 3.5  < 0.001
  < 5 6 (3.5%) 29 (17.0%)  
 5–9 65 (38.0%) 90 (52.6%)  
 10–14 64 (37.4%) 41 (24.0%)  
 15–19 26 (15.2%) 11 (6.4%)  
  ≥ 20 10 (5.8%) 0 (0%)  
Beers-PIM 1.3 ± 1.2 0.6 ± 0.8  < 0.001
 0 49 (28.7%) 103 (60.2%)  
 1–2 95 (55.6%) 63 (36.8%)  
 3–4 26 (15.2%) 5 (2.9%)  
  ≥ 5 1 (0.6%) 0  
STOPPFrail-PIM 4.2 ± 2.8 1.4 ± 1.3  < 0.001
 0 5 (2.9%) 43 (25.1%)  
 1–2 46 (26.9%) 94 (55.0%)  
 3–4 55 (32.2%) 31 (18.1%)  
 5–6 35 (20.5%) 3 (1.8%)  
 7–8 20 (11.7%) 0  
  ≥ 9 10 (5.8%) 0  
  1. Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation or N (%)
  2. STOPPFrail-PIM potentially inappropriate medication according to STOPPFrail (Screening Tool of Older Persons’ Prescriptions in Frail adults with a limited life expectancy) criteria
  3. Beers-PIM potentially inappropriate medication according to Beers Criteria (2019)