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Table 5 results of Sobel’s test for investigating the mediating role of PR and NR in the relationship between attachment styles and happiness

From: Attachment styles and happiness in the elderly: the mediating role of reminiscence styles

variables Indirect coefficient Sobel’s test (z) P
Avoidant → PR → Happiness 0.04 -1.87 0.06
Avoidant → NR → Happiness -0.12 -6.01 0.001
Secure → PR → Happiness 0.29 7.85 0.001
Secure → NR → Happiness 0.09 5.66 0.001
Ambivalent → PR → Happiness -0.10 -4.38 0.001
Ambivalent → NR → Happiness -0.20 -7.22 0.001
  1. NR Negative reminiscence, PR Positive reminiscence