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Table 3 Number of participants falling and total number of falls during 12 month follow up

From: Effectiveness of workshops to teach a home-based exercise program (BEST at Home) for preventing falls in community-dwelling people aged 65 years and over: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial

Falls All (n = 579) Intervention (n = 290) Control (n = 289) Unadjusted IRR* (95% CI)
Number of falls, n 267 138 129 0.91 (0.64 to 1.29), p = 0.604a
Falls per participant, mean (SD), median (min-max) 0.46 (1.03), 0 (0–12) 0.48 (1.14), 0 (0–12) 0.45 (0.91), 0 (0–5)  
Frequency of falls, n (%)
 0 422 (72.9) 211 (72.8) 211 (73)  
 1 102 (17.6) 51 (17.6) 51 (17.6)  
 2 27 (4.7) 16 (5.5) 11 (3.8)  
 3 14 (2.4) 5 (1.7) 9 (3.1)  
  ≥ 4 14 (2.4) 7 (2.4) 7 (2.4)  
 1+ falls 157 (27.1) 79 (27.2) 78 (27) 0.99 (0.76 to 1.29), p = 0.946b
Follow up, days, mean (SD) 311.8 (103.6) 306.6 (105.7) 317.1 (101.4)  
Falls indoors, n (%) 90 (33.7) 50 (36.2) 40 (31)  
Falls outdoors, n (%) 177 (66.3) 88 (63.8) 89 (69)  
Falls with fractures, n (%) 16 (6) 12 (8.7) 4 (3.1)  
Falls requiring hospital admission, n (%) 10 (3.7) 5 (3.6) 5 (3.9)  
  1. aBetween-group difference from negative binomial regression models comparing rates between groups adjusted for exposure: days of follow-up
  2. bBetween-group difference from Poisson regression models comparing proportions between groups
  3. *IRR Incidence rate ratio
  4. **38 participants with no calendar data removed for analysis