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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Suicidal ideation and its related factors among older adults: a population-based study in Southwestern Iran

Characteristics Without suicidal ideation (n = 734) N (%) With suicidal ideation (n = 69) N (%)
Demographics
 Age, mean (SD) 67.8 ± 4.7 68.1 ± 4.8
Gender, n (%)
Male 381 (51.9) 27 (39.1)*
Female 353 (48.1) 42 (60.9)
Marital status
Married 556 (75.7) 40 (58)**
Single/divorced/widowed 178 (24.3) 29 (42)
Work status, n (%)
Working 227 (30.9) 16 (23.2)
Retired/housewife 507 (69.1) 53 (76.8)
Educational level, n (%)
Illiterate/primary school 474 (64.6) 52 (75.4)
High school/college 260 (35.4) 17 (24.6)
Access to healthcare
 Health insurance, n (%)
  No 81 (11) 12 (17.4)
  Yes 653 (89) 57 (82.6)
 Easy access to medical care, n (%)
  No 59 (8) 8 (11.6)
  Yes 675 (92) 61 (88.4)
 Unable to pay medical bills in the past 12 months
  Yes 134 (18.3) 26 (37.7)***
  No 600 (81.7) 43 (62.3)
Physical health status
 Self-rated physical health, n (%)
  Poor to moderate 390 (53.1) 49 (71)**
  Good to excellent 344 (46.9) 20 (29)
 History of chronic disease, n (%)
  No 480 (65.4) 31 (44.9)**
  Yes 254 (34.6) 38 (55.1)
Mental health status
 Current depression by PHQ2
  No 616 (83.9) 45 (65.2)***
  Yes 118 (16.1) 24 (34.8)
 Fear of COVID-19, mean (SD) 20.66 ± 6.4 22.20 ± 6.9*
Social engagement
 Social networks by LSNS-6
  Limited (<=12) 386 (52.6) 48 (69.6)**
  Adequate (> 12) 348 (47.4) 21 (30.4)
 Perceived social support by MSPSS
  Low (<=60) 425 (57.9) 53 (76.8)**
  High (> 60) 309 (42.1) 16 (23.2)
  1. LSNS Lubben Social Network Scale, MSPSS Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, FCV-19S Fear of COVID-19 Scale
  2. *p < .05
  3. **p < .01
  4. ***p < .001