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Table 2 Differences in psychosocial variables of behavior change across the stages of Change

From: Psychosocial factors related to physical activity in frail and prefrail elderly people

  PC Pp AM p Scheffé
Post-Hoc
n M ± SD n M ± SD n M ± SD
Self-efficacy 19 2.45 ± 0.45 18 2.86 ± 0.46 66 3.64 ± 0.69 0.0001* PC < AM, Pp < AM
Decisional balance 19 0.82 ± 0.76 18 0.93 ± 0.49 66 1.32 ± 0.53 0.001** PC < AM, Pp < AM
Benefits perceived 19 3.87 ± 0.42 18 3.91 ± 0.34 66 4.17 ± 0.32 0.0001* PC < AM, Pp < AM
Barriers perceived 19 3.04 ± 0.51 18 2.98 ± 0.46 66 2.85 ± 0.49 0.259  
Outcome expectations 19 3.78 ± 0.52 18 3.98 ± 0.71 66 4.44 ± 0.40 0.0001* PC < AM, Pp < AM
Family Social Support 18 30.22 ± 6.39 18 29.72 ± 7.32 63 36.67 ± 7.78 0.0001* PC < AM, Pp < AM
Friends Social Support 12 26.50 ± 5.35 14 24.86 ± 3.98 39 30.49 ± 9.96 0.068  
  1. M Mean, SD Standard Deviation, PC Precontemplation & Contemplation stages, Pp Preparation stage, AM Action & Maintenance stages
  2. Statistical significance: p < 0.05; * Statistical significance p < 0.001; ** Statistical significance p < 0.01