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Table 3 Quality-of-life compared for different subgroups

From: Quality of life of older people in nursing homes in China–evaluation and application of the Chinese version of the life satisfaction questionnaire

  PS SI QDAF QDAM SES QFR QCFR LSQ
Mean (SD), all participants 75.3 (17.0) 65.5 (18.1) 57.2 (20.9) 61.4 (18.1) 71.2 (16.2) 60.9 (18.4) 57.1 (19.7) 64.9 (13.5)
Sex, p-valuea < 0.001 0.001 0.005 0.006 0.785 0.121 0.430 0.511
 Male 79.4 (16.0) 68.6 (19.0) 54.0 (21.6) 58.7 (18.2) 71.4 (17.3) 59.3 (19.6) 56.2 (19.4) 65.3 (13.7)
 Female 72.0 (17.1) 62.9 (17.0) 59.8 (20.1) 63.5 (17.7) 71.0 (15.4) 62.1 (17.4) 57.8 (19.9) 64.5 (13.4)
Marital status, p-valuea < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Divorced/single/widower 72.5 (16.5) 62.7 (17.3) 53.2 (20.2) 58.0 (17.3) 68.3 (16.2) 57.4 (19.6) 54.0 (19.6) 61.7 (12.8)
 Married 82.2 (15.4) 72.1 (17.5) 66.2 (19.8) 69.5 (17.2) 76.6 (13.6) 68.1 (11.4) 62.9 (17.1) 71.8 (11.5)
Chronic Disease, p-valuea 0.002 0.005 0.029 0.021 0.101 0.824 0.190 0.005
 0-1 77.0 (16.1) 67.0 (17.8) 58.4 (20.6) 62.6 (17.8) 72.0 (15.7) 61.2 (18.4) 58.0 (18.8) 66.0 (13.1)
 2 or more 70.0 (18.9) 60.9 (18.3) 52.7 (21.9) 57.5 (19.0) 68.7 (18.4) 60.6 (18.6) 54.4 (22.5) 61.4 (14.7)
Education, p-valuea < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 No formal/primary school 72.4 (16.5) 62.3 (17.7) 53.2 (20.9) 58.1 (17.6) 69.0 (15.9) 56.3 (19.3) 52.8 (18.8) 61.4 (13.0)
 Junior high school or more 80.4 (16.6) 70.8 (17.5) 63.6 (19.6) 66.7 (17.8) 74.7 (16.2) 67.9 (14.7) 63.4 (19.6) 70.5 (12.5)
Medical insurance, p-valuea < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Basic for rural and urban residents or self-payed 71.6 (16.3) 62.2 (16.9) 52.9 (21.0) 57.3 (18.2) 66.8 (16.2) 57.0 (19.0) 52.4 (20.3) 60.9 (13.1)
 For employees 80.4 (16.5) 69.9 (18.6) 62.3 (19.9) 66.4 (16.8) 76.5 (14.7) 65.4 (16.9) 62.4 (17.7) 69.8 (12.5)
Main source income, p-valuea < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.031 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Retirement pension 80.3 (16.0) 69.6 (17.8) 60.8 (18.9) 65.5 (16.1) 77.4 (13.6) 62.8 (18.0) 61.3 (17.3) 69.0 (11.8)
 Family, Social assistant/other 71.0 (16.6) 62.0 (17.5) 53.7 (22.4) 57.5 (19.2) 65.4 (16.5) 58.9 (18.9) 52.8 (21.1) 61.0 (14.1)
Residing at nursing home, p-valuea 0.051 0.180 0.292 0.078 0.004 0.317 0.530 0.125
 19 months or less 74.0 (16.4) 64.6 (17.5) 56.4 (22.4) 60.3 (19.0) 69.3 (16.6) 62.2 (18.5) 56.9 (20.9) 64.2 (13.8)
 20 months or more 77.2 (16.7) 67.0 (18.0) 58.6 (19.2) 63.4 (16.8) 73.9 (15.3) 60.3 (17.8) 58.1 (17.9) 66.2 (12.6)
Nursing home, p-valuea 0.089 0.094 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Publicly run 73.3 (16.8) 63.3 (18.5) 45.4 (18.8) 53.2 (16.7) 66.0 (18.4) 48.2 (19.0) 47.1 (16.9) 58.1 (13.2)
 Privately run 76.3 (17.0) 66.5 (17.9) 62.8 (19.5) 65.3 (17.5) 73.7 (14.5) 66.9 (14.8) 61.9 (19.2) 68.1 (12.4)
Cronbach’s Alpha values 0.84 0.84 0.86 0.81 0.84 0.77 0.84 0.93
  1. Abbreviations: LSQ Life satisfaction questionnaire, PS Physical symptoms, (SI Sickness impact, QDAF Quality of daily activities fun, QDAM Quality of daily activities meaningful, SES Socio-economic situation, QFR Quality of family relation, and QCFR Quality of close friend relationship, SD Standard deviation
  2. ap-value for student t-test. For the variable Education, Chronic diseases and Residing at the nursing home the data were dichotomized based on the group median value. For the LSQ and included factors the scores range from 14 to 100, with 100 representing the most desired value. Bold text for p-value indicate statistically significant values