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Table 4 With-in group comparison of mean scores of UPDRS-part II, III, BBS and ABCS

From: Combined effects of virtual reality techniques and motor imagery on balance, motor function and activities of daily living in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a randomized controlled trial

Outcome Outcome Measures Groups Baseline Assessment at 6th Week Assessment at 12thWeek Follow up at 16th Week Friedman Test
Mean ± SD Mean± SD Mean± SD Mean± SD χ2 p
Motor Function UPDRS-Part III Exp. 32.45±3.98 23.00±8.31 15.05±7.16 18.68±7.04 56.35 <.001
Control 31.86±4.62 28.23±6.10 25.52±7.36 24.27±9.23 40.05 <.001
Balance confidence ABCS Exp. 59.26±5.87 73.55±4.45 81.01±6.14 78.60±5.76 60.39 <.001
Control 59.34±8.89 66.39±7.80 71.83±8.25 68.65±7.33 53.87 <.001
Balance BBS Exp. 38.95±3.23 46.59±3.07 51.36±2.83 52.36±2.30 60.89 <.001
Control 40.23±4.61 43.23±4.45 45.77±4.52 45.54±3.98 40.93 <.001
Activities of Daily livings UPDRS-Part II Exp. 22.00±4.64 17.14±4.36 13.07±4.005 12.85±4.050 53.40 <.001
Control 21.51±3.89 20.03±3.80 18.00±4.19 16.54±4.61 50.49 <.001
  1. UPDRS Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale, ABCS Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale, BBS Berg balance scale, Exp Experimental