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Table 2 Ratio of the multiplicative factor (95% CI) i.e. interaction effect by which the estimated odds change given a 1-kg increase in muscle strength for the overweight and obese participants divided by the corresponding multiplicative factor for normal BMI participants for different sex and age categories

From: The influence of adiposity on the interactions between strength, physical function and cognition among older adults in the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study

  Adjusted odds ratio at the means for the BMI categories
  Male Female Male, 50-65 yr Male, > 65 yr Female, 50-65 yr Female, > 65 yr
Verbal Memory (California Verbal Learning Test)
 Overweight 1.003 (0.993, 1.006) 0.999 (0.991, 1.007) 0.999 (0.991, 1.007) 0.999 (0.985, 1.013) 0.998 (0.989, 1.008) 0.995 (0.981, 1.009)
 Obese 1.003 (0.995, 1.010) 1.000 (0.992, 1.009) 0.997 (0.988, 1.006) 1.008 (0.994, 1.023) 1.004 (0.993, 1.014) 0.989 (0.973, 1.006)
Cognitive Reserve (Spot-the-Word)
 Overweight 1.000 (0.992, 1.007) 0.998 (0.989, 1.007) 0.999 (0.991, 1.008) 0.998 (0.982, 1.014) 0.995 (0.985, 1.005) 1.006 (0.988, 1.024)
 Obese 1.003 (0.995, 1.011) 0.999 (0.989, 1.008) 1.003 (0.994, 1.013) 1.003 (0.987, 1.020) 1.000 (0.989, 1.011) 1.000 (0.980, 1.021)
Processing Speed (Symbol–Digit Modalities Test)
 Overweight 1.000 (0.997, 1.004) 1.001 (0.997, 1.006) 0.999 (0.995, 1.004) 1.006 (0.999, 1.013) 1.000 (0.995, 1.005) 1.000 (0.990, 1.01)
 Obese 1.000 (0.996, 1.004) 1.001 (0.996, 1.006) 0.998 (0.993, 1.003) 1.005 (0.998, 1.013) 1.002 (0.996, 1.008) 1.001 (0.990, 1.011)
Global Cognition (Mini Mental State Exam)
 Overweight 1.006 (0.987, 1.024) 1.012
(0.986, 1.039)
1.006 (0.974, 1.040) 1.008 (0.984, 1.032) 1.012 (0.972, 1.053) 1.007 (0.974, 1.041)
 Obese 0.992 (0.973, 1.012) 0.996
(0.971, 1.022)
0.985 (0.950, 1.022) 0.997 (0.973, 1.022) 1.009 (0.971, 1.049) 0.988 (0.954, 1.023)
  1. The results presented are OR (95%CI) for Model C adjusted for sex, age, smoking status, total physical activity, cardiovascular disease risk, type 2 diabetes status, education, depression, alcohol intake, SF-36 mental and physical component scores. The reference category is participants with normal BMI. P < 0.050. The sample size for each stratification is given below
  2. Verbal memory test -Total sample: 2337; Male: 1037; Female: 1300; Male 50–65 yrs: 615; Male > 65 yrs: 422; Female 50–65 yrs: 800; Female > 65 yrs: 500
  3. Spot-the-Word -Total sample: 2299; Male: 1017; Female: 1282; Male 50–65 yrs: 607; Male > 65 yrs: 410; Female 50–65 yrs: 792; Female > 65 yrs: 490
  4. Symbol–Digit Modalities Test -Total sample: 2341; Male: 1035; Female: 1306; Male 50–65 yrs: 614; Male > 65 yrs: 421; Female 50–65 yrs: 802; Female > 65 yrs: 504
  5. Mini Mental State Exam -Total sample: 967; Male: 442; Female: 525; Male 50–65 yrs: 154; Male > 65 yrs: 288; Female 50–65 yrs: 171; Female > 65 yrs: 354