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Table 4 Changes in outcomes among older adults with impaired cognitive function

From: Promoting cultural change towards dementia friendly communities: a multi-level intervention in Japan

  Male Female
  Pre_2016 (n = 88) Post_2019 (n = 125)   Pre_2016 (n = 97) Post_2019 (n = 192)  
  n/mean %/SD n/mean %/SD pa n/mean %/SD n/mean %/SD pa
Number of people who have in-person social interaction with friends ≥1/month 8 (9.8%) 25 (21.6%) 0.033 18 (20.0%) 55 (30.7%) 0.081
Number of people who have indirect social interaction with friends ≥1/month 15 (18.5%) 32 (27.1%) 0.18 30 (33.7%) 78 (43.1%) 0.15
Number of people who are confident in living with dementia in the community 19 (23.5%) 45 (39.1%) 0.045 25 (27.8%) 58 (31.7%) 0.58
Awareness of dementia symptoms 2.61 (0.94) 2.61 (0.77) 0.98 2.77 (0.87) 2.66 (0.77) 0.27
Awareness of communication with people with dementia 2.00 (0.86) 1.98 (0.74) 0.88 2.21 (0.80) 2.02 (0.74) 0.056
Awareness of contact person to consult with on dementia 1.80 (0.88) 1.90 (0.85) 0.43 2.11 (0.84) 1.95 (0.79) 0.11
  1. SD Standard deviation
  2. aChi-square test for binary outcomes and two sample t-test for scores