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Table 3 Categories of depression based on Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score according to headache type

From: Characteristics and comorbidities of headache in patients over 50 years of age: a cross-sectional study

  Episodic migraine
(n = 198)
Tension type headache
(n = 120)
Hemicranias continua or cluster headache
(n = 39)
chronic migraine
(n = 61)
HTN-induced headache
(n = 42)
Cervicogenic headache
(n = 47)
Medication overuse headache (n = 63) P-value #
Normal 7 3.6% 5 4.6% 1 2.7% 5 8.3% 2 4.8% 7 15.6% 2 3.3% 0.009
Mild mood disturbance 14 7.2% 7 6.5% 3 8.1% 6 10.0% 3 7.1% 3 6.7% 0 0.0%
Borderline clinical depression 19 9.7% 11 10.2% 2 5.4% 11 18.3% 3 7.1% 0 0.0% 2 3.3%
Moderate depression 78 40.0% 37 34.3% 13 35.1% 18 30.0% 17 40.5% 13 28.9% 19 31.1%
Severe depression 59 30.3% 34 31.5% 14 37.8% 13 21.7% 11 26.2% 20 44.4% 23 37.7%
Extreme depression 18 9.2% 14 13.0% 4 10.8% 7 11.7% 6 14.3% 2 4.4% 15 24.6%
  1. #Chi-square test