Skip to main content

Table 2 Comorbidities of the study population according to headache type

From: Characteristics and comorbidities of headache in patients over 50 years of age: a cross-sectional study

Variable Episodic migraine
(n = 198)
Tension type headache
(n = 120)
Hemicranias continua or cluster headache
(n = 39)
chronic migraine
(n = 61)
HTN-induced headache
(n = 42)
Cervicogenic headache
(n = 47)
Medication overuse headache (n = 63) P-value #
Cardiovascular disorders 26 13.1% 25 20.8% 9 23.1% 13 21.3% 11 26.2% 13 27.7% 11 17.5% 0.166
Hypertension 41 20.7% 36 30.0% 14 35.9% 20 32.8% 31 73.8% 10 21.3% 20 31.7%  < 0.001
Thyroid disorders Hypothyroidism 50 25.3% 34 28.3% 7 17.9% 15 24.6% 8 19.0% 10 21.3% 28 44.4% 0.012
Hyperthyroidism 38 19.2% 17 14.2% 5 12.8% 21 34.4% 7 16.7% 4 8.5% 3 4.8%
Thyroid nodules 4 2.0% 1 0.8% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 1 2.4% 1 2.1% 2 3.2%
Renal disorders Renal failure 3 1.5% 1 0.8% 0 0.0% 1 1.6% 3 7.1% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0.084
Kidney stones 20 10.1% 16 13.3% 4 10.3% 6 9.8% 5 11.9% 4 8.5% 14 22.2%
Gastrointestinal disorders diarrhea 34 17.2% 14 11.7% 10 25.6% 6 9.8% 2 4.8% 6 13.0% 9 14.3% 0.112
History of gastrointestinal bleeding and/or
Peptic/duodenal ulcers
23 11.6% 17 14.2% 2 5.1% 9 14.8% 5 11.9% 2 4.3% 16 25.4% 0.024
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) 57 28.8% 28 23.3% 5 12.8% 10 16.4% 7 16.7% 8 17.0% 19 30.2% 0.088
Cervical spine disease disc disorders 31 15.7% 9 7.5% 1 2.6% 7 11.5% 3 7.1% 2 4.3% 11 17.5% 0.103
Degenerative disorders 56 28.3% 40 33.3% 11 28.2% 20 32.8% 17 40.5% 16 34.0% 24 38.1%
Clenched teeth / Bruxism 34 17.2% 21 17.5% 12 30.8% 12 19.7% 13 31.0% 6 12.8% 12 19.0% 0.066
  1. Data are presented as number and percentage
  2. #Results derived from chi-square test