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Table 1 Overview of demographic characteristics of the study population according to headache type

From: Characteristics and comorbidities of headache in patients over 50 years of age: a cross-sectional study

Variable Episodic migraine (n = 198) Tension type headache (n = 120) Hemicranias continua or cluster headache (n = 39) chronic migraine (n = 61) HTN-induced headache (n = 42) Cervicogenic headache (n = 47) Medication overuse headache (n = 63) P-value #
Age, year 55.53 * # ¥ ‡ 5.21 59.08 * 8.31 60.90 # € 12.87 58.88 8.16 60.34¥ 7.97 59.38 ‡ 10.47 55.89 € 5.36  < 0.001
Body mass index, kg/m2 25.94 * 3.98 27.51 * 4.19 26.24 3.81 26.71 4.57 27.98 4.29 27.61 3.71 27.03 4.56 0.019
Male Sex 8 4.0% 18 15.0% 13 33.3% 3 4.9% 5 11.9% 3 6.4% 9 14.3%  < 0.001
Education  < 10 years 50 25.3% 51 42.5% 18 46.2% 28 45.9% 13 31.0% 21 44.7% 10 15.9% 0.001
10–12 years 56 28.3% 35 29.2% 10 25.6% 13 21.3% 11 26.2% 11 23.4% 21 33.3%
12–14 years 19 9.6% 9 7.5% 4 10.3% 6 9.8% 8 19.0% 9 19.1% 4 6.3%
14–16 years 47 23.7% 16 13.3% 4 10.3% 9 14.8% 7 16.7% 5 10.6% 18 28.6%
 > 16 years 26 13.1% 9 7.5% 3 7.7% 5 8.2% 3 7.1% 1 2.1% 10 15.9%
Job Employee 43 21.7% 15 12.5% 9 23.1% 9 14.8% 10 23.8% 6 12.8% 15 23.8% 0.002
Self-employed 15 7.6% 26 21.7% 7 17.9% 7 11.5% 10 23.8% 5 10.6% 4 6.3%
retired 40 20.2% 30 25.0% 11 28.2% 12 19.7% 12 28.6% 7 14.9% 17 27.0%
Un-employed/ housewife 100 50.5% 49 40.8% 12 30.8% 33 54.1% 10 23.8% 29 61.7% 27 42.9%
Marital status Single 5 2.5% 5 4.2% 1 2.6% 1 1.6% 0 0.0% 4 8.5% 1 1.6% 0.237
Married 175 88.4% 98 81.7% 36 92.3% 52 85.2% 39 92.9% 37 78.7% 61 96.8%
Divorced 12 6.1% 11 9.2% 0 0.0% 5 8.2% 3 7.1% 4 8.5% 1 1.6%
Other 6 3.0% 6 5.0% 2 5.1% 3 4.9% 0 0.0% 2 4.3% 0 0.0%
Smoking 15 7.6% 19 15.8% 7 17.9% 7 11.5% 4 9.5% 4 8.5% 8 12.7% 0.491
Opium use 2 1.0% 5 4.2% 3 7.7% 2 3.3% 0 0.0% 2 4.3% 3 4.8% 0.204
  1. Data are presented as mean and standard deviation or number and percentage as appropriate
  2. #Results derived from chi-square test or one-way ANOVA
  3. * # ¥ ‡ Matching symbols indicate significant between-group differences