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Table 2 Participants, timepoint, method and assessments

From: Contextual factors influencing advance care planning in home care: process evaluation of the cluster-randomised controlled trial STADPLAN

Participants (n main trial) t0 t1 t2 Method Assessments Domains of the logic model
Assessments pre-randomisation
 Home care Service (HCS)a
(n = 27)
22    Questionnaire Basic characteristics of the HCS Context home care service
 Head of HCSb
(n = 27)
20    Semi structured interview, partly in groups Experiences with ACP, implementation of ACP in the HCS, motivation and expectation regarding study participation Context home care service
Context nurses
Context patients and caregivers
 Nursesb (not documented) 22    Semi structured interview, partly in groups Attitudes and experiences with ACP, motivation and expectation regarding study participation Context home care service
Context nurses
Context patients and caregivers
 Nurses (not documented) 30    Questionnaire Formal qualification, work experience Context nurses
 Patients (n = 380) 79    Questionnaire Experiences and expectations regarding ACP and study participation, ACP knowledge, control preferences, satisfaction with HCS Context patients
Assessments post-randomisation  
 NF educational programme day 1 (IG)   23   Questionnaire Evaluation of the educational programme, knowledge on ACP, motivation, and self-efficacy regarding the intervention Implementation
Process outcomes NFs
 Educational programme day 1   6   Observation Duration, alertness of participants and unplanned changes of the programme Implementation
Fidelity
 NF educational programme day 2 (IG)   7   5 focus groups, 2 semi structured interviews Experiences with the intervention and study participation in general Context HCS
Context NFs
Implementation
Context patients and caregivers
Intervention
Process outcomes patients and caregivers
Process outcomes NFs
Process outcomes HCS
Macro context
 NF educational programme day 2 (IG)   17   Questionnaire Evaluation of the educational programme, knowledge on ACP Implementation
Process outcomes NFs
 Educational programme day 2   5   Observation Duration, alertness of participants and unplanned changes of the programme Implementation
Fidelity
 NF, ACP conversation 1   184   Secondary data extracted from conversations topic guides Duration
Adverse events
Intervention
 NF, ACP conversation 2   147   Secondary data extracted from conversations topic guides Duration
Adverse events
Intervention
 Patients (IG) (n = 210)   41   Questionnaire Experiences regarding ACP and study participation, ACP knowledge, control preferences, satisfaction with HCS, satisfaction with ACP conversations Context patients
Intervention
Process outcomes patients
 Patients (CG) (n = 170)   42   Questionnaire Experiences regarding ACP and study participation, ACP knowledge, control preferences, satisfaction with HCS Context patients
 Caregivers (IG) (not documented) 12 11   Semi structured interview Experiences and expectations regarding ACP and study participation, ACP knowledge, caregiver burden, satisfaction with HCS Context patients and caregivers
Intervention
 Head of HCS (CG and IG) (n = 27)    22 Semi structured interview, partly in groups Experiences with ACP, implementation of ACP in the HCS, experiences within the study and further plans regarding ACP Context HCS
Implementation
Process outcomes NFs
Context patients and caregivers
Intervention
Process outcomes patients and caregivers
Process outcomes HCS
Macro context
  1. ACP Advance care planning, NF Trained nurse ACP facilitator; CG Control group, HCS Home care service, IG Intervention group. T1: six months after t0, t2: twelve months after t0
  2. aBasic characteristics at t2 not included into the analysis due to low response (10 of 27)
  3. bIn some home care services head nurses and staff wanted to be interviewed together (n = 7). We excluded these interviews from the analysis because of the methodological difference in the data collection