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Table 2 Description of the outcome (dependent) variable and independent variables. For the comparison test, we used the Fisher exact test for categorical variables, and the t-test for continuous variables

From: Associations between community participation and types of places visited among persons living with and without dementia: risks perception and socio-demographic aspects

Variables Dementia Comparison CI 95% of mean difference Coefficient for the difference between groups p-value
n = 35 n = 35
Outcome: Participation (ACT-OUT, Part III)     18.740 <.001
 Participate only a little 12 0    
 Do participate 8 6    
 Participate as much as wanted 15 29    
Number of visited places by domain (ACT-OUT)
 Nb of currently visited places (ACT-OUT, max = 25)     3.893 <.001
  Mean (SD) 15.83 (3.34) 18.91 (3.28) 1.50; 4.66   
 Nb visited places – Domain A (max = 7)     4.622 <.001
  Mean (SD) 4.43 (2.11) 6.31 (1.15) 1.07; 2.70   
 Nb visited places – Domain B (max = 5)     −2.653 .010
  Mean (SD) 3.26 (0.98) 2.71 (0.71) −.95; −.13   
 Nb visited places – Domain C (max = 6)     3.144 .002
  Mean (SD) 3.71 (1.25) 4.66 (1.25) .34; 1.54   
 Nb visited places – Domain D (max = 7)     2.661 .010
  Mean (SD) 4.11 (1.18) 5.03 (1.65) .23; 1.60   
Characteristics of the participants (MoCA and socio-demographic questionnaire)
MoCA     8.195 <.001
  Mean (SD) 17.74 (5.56) 26.09 (2.07) 6.31; 10.37   
Age     .104 .917
  Mean (SD) 77.66 (8.35) 77.86 (7.72) −3.63; 4.03   
Gender     .952 .333
  Male 16 12    
  Female 19 23    
Education     .110 .950
  Mandatory school 9 10    
  Apprenticeship 17 17    
  Higher education degree 9 8    
Living arrangement     .560 .618
  Alone 11 14    
  Living with someone 24 21    
Setting     2.142 .384
  Rural 15 14    
  Small town 14 10    
  City 6 11    
Access to using a car     13.984 .001
  Not a car user 11 7    
  Car user (self-driving) 7 22    
  Car user (someone else drives) 17 6    
Perceived risks (ACT-OUT)
Getting lost     21.167 <.001
 Concerned 11 0    
 Unconcerned 7 1    
 Very unconcerned 17 34    
Falling down     2.146 .350
 Concerned 7 3    
 Unconcerned 8 11    
 Very unconcerned 20 21    
Being stressed     9.762 .008
 Concerned 10 2    
 Unconcerned 10 6    
 Very unconcerned 15 27    
Being embarrassed     11.427 .003
 Concerned 11 2    
 Unconcerned 7 3    
 Very unconcerned 17 30