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Table 2 Intergroup comparison of clinical outcomes, medical expenses, mortality rates, and coverage for early osteoporosis diagnosis and treatment

From: Improved outcomes and reduced medical costs through multidisciplinary co-management protocol for geriatric proximal femur fractures: a one-year retrospective study

  Conventional group
(n = 311)
Protocol group
(n = 267)
p value  
Acute in-hospital stay       
  Length of hospital stay (day) 11.9 ± 12.1 11.6 ± 10.5 0.041*  
  Medical expenditure (NTD) 163,269 ± 161,522 135,503 ± 117,206 0.006*  
Time to surgery       
  Window from ER to OR (hrs) 46 ± 93 34 ± 43 0.059  
  Time to surgery > 48 h (№) 59 (20.6%) 42 (15.8%) 0.174  
Osteoporosis diagnosis and anti-osteoporosis agent prescription       
  BMD assessment (№) 163 (52.4%) 253 (94.8%) < 0.001**  
  Prescription of anti-osteoporosis medication (№) 78 (25.1%) 155 (58.1%) < 0.001**  
Re-fracture () 38 (12.2%) 32 (12.0%) 1.000  
Returns for overall medical services (1-year)       
  Number of patients returned (№) 263 (84.6%) 236 (88.4%) 0.225  
  Average expenditure per returned patient (NTD) 131,766 ± 237,171 114,001 ± 219,625 0.621  
  Average expenditure per patient in treatment group (NTD) 111,429 ± 223,190 100,765 ± 209,649 0.692  
Returns for outpatient clinic (1-year)       
  Number of patients returned (№) 251 (80.7%) 226 (84.6%) 0.257  
  Average visits per returned patient (times) 13 ± 12 13 ± 13 0.448  
  Average expenditure per returned patient (NTD) 55,079 ± 124,811 38,121 ± 52,255 0.261  
  Average expenditure per patient in treatment group (NTD) 44,453 ± 114,178 32,267 ± 49,993 0.096  
Returns for emergency department (1-year)       
  Number of patients returned (№) 83 (26.7%) 74 (27.7%) 0.855  
  Average visits per returned patient (times) 2 ± 2 2 ± 2 0.973  
  Average expenditure per returned patient (NTD) 21,620 ± 24,358 22,184 ± 25,092 0.502  
  Average expenditure per patient in treatment group (NTD) 5770 ± 15,770 6148 ± 16,485 0.694  
Returns for inpatient admission (1-year)       
  Number of patients returned (№) 78 (25.1%) 57 (21.3%) 0.338  
  Average visits per returned patient (times) 2 ± 2 2 ± 1 0.815  
  Average expenditure per returned patient (NTD) 244,042 ± 267,379 292,056 ± 300,443 0.634  
  Average expenditure per patient in treatment group (NTD) 61,207 ± 170,248 62,349 ± 182,700 0.331  
Mortality       
  In-hospital mortality 18 (5.8%) 5 (1.9%) 0.029*  
  1-year mortality N/A 31 (11.6%) N/A  
  1. Mann-Whitney test. Chi-Square test. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01
  2. Continuous data were expressed with mean ± SD
  3. Categorial data were expressed with number and percentage