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Table 2 Comparison of nutritional status as a function of major variables and measures (n = 238)

From: Effects of food neophobia and oral health on the nutritional status of community-dwelling older adults

  Group 1
well-nourished
(n = 173)
Group 2
risk of malnutrition (n = 65)
U value p-value
Age, mean (SD) 74.94 (6.63) 80.03 (8.07) 3515.0 0.001
Sex a, n (%) Male 56 (32.4%) 11 (16.9%)   0.018
Female 117 (67.6%) 54 (83.0%)  
Food neophobia, mean (SD) 43 (2.74) 37 (11.82) 3881.5 0.001
Oral-health–related QOL, mean (SD) 61.84 (7.96) 58.46 (9.50) 4564.5 0.024
Frequency of protein intake, mean (SD) 14.83 (2.74) 14.35 (2.57) 7258.0 0.279
Oral diadochokinesis (ODK), mean (SD) 157.55 (35.82) 116.10 (71.58) 3587.0 0.001
Number of teeth, mean (SD) 16.08 (10.76) 12.22 (10.74) 4561.0 0.024
  1. Mann–Whitney U Test
  2. aχ2 test