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Table 1 Basic attributes (n = 238)

From: Effects of food neophobia and oral health on the nutritional status of community-dwelling older adults

Variable Statistic values
Age, mean (SD)   76.33 (7.39)
Sex, frequency (%) Male 67 (28.2)
  Female 171 (71.8)
Family composition, frequency (%) Living alone 89 (37.4)
  Married couple only 90 (37.8)
  Other living with family 59 (24.8)
Underlying condition, frequency (%) None 47 (19.7)
  Cardiovascular disease 100 (42.0)
  Diabetes 24 (10.1)
  Bone fracture 22 (9.2)
  Gastrointestinal disease 23 (9.7)
  Cerebrovascular disease 17 (7.1)
  Pneumonia 16 (6.7)
  Respiratory disease 14 (5.9)
  Other 41 (17.2)
Food neophobia, mean (SD)   38.91 (11.78)
Oral-health–related QOL (OHIP14), mean (SD)   60.92 (8.52)
Frequency of protein intake
mean (SD)
Total 14.70 (2.7)
  Fish 3.04 (0.77)
  Meat 2.71 (0.75)
  Eggs 2.82 (0.96)
  Milk 2.82 (1.14)
  Soybeans 3.29 (0.80)
Nutritional status (MNA®)   
mean (SD)   25.32 (3.49)
frequency (%) Well-nourished 173 (72.68)
  At risk of malnutrition 64 (26.89)
  Malnutrition 1 (0.004)
Oral function [oral diadochokinesis (ODK)]   
mean (SD) ODK_pa (/10 sec) 55.50 (9.61)
  ODK_ta (/10 sec) 50.96 (9.87)
  ODK_ka (/10 sec) 49.75 (10.55)
Number of teeth, mean (SD)   15.02 (10.87)
Dentures, frequency (%) Yes 148 (62.2)
  No 90 (37.8)