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Table 1 Characteristics of older adults who were newly admitted to nursing homes as non-skilled nursing facility residents in 2014–2016

From: Trajectories of physical frailty and cognitive impairment in older adults in United States nursing homes

  All
  (n = 266,001)
  (%)
Age (years)
  65—< 75 20.3
  75—< 85 33.9
   >  = 85 45.8
Female 67.3
Race/ethnic minority 17.5
Rural nursing home 25.6
Admission source
  Community 35.7
  Acute hospital 38.8
  Other sourcesa 25.6
Physical frailtyb
  Robust 17.2
  Pre-frail 28.7
  Frail 54.1
Cognitive impairmentc
  Intact/Mild impairment 33.1
  Moderate impairment 30.2
  Severe impairment 36.7
Diagnosis
  Cardiovascular/metabolic
    Heart failure 16.5
    Hypertension 75.9
    Diabetes Mellitus 30.2
  Neurological
    Alzheimer's Disease 13.8
    Cerebrovascular accident/Transient ischemic attack/Stroke 11.8
    Non-Alzheimer’s/Other dementia d 42.5
    Multiple Sclerosis 0.6
    Parkinson's Disease 6.3
    Seizure disorder/Epilepsy 5.3
  Musculoskeletal
    Arthritis 29.3
    Osteoporosis 13.6
    Hip fracture 2.6
    Other fracture 5.8
  Cancer 5.8
  Asthma/Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/Chronic lung disease 18.2
  Mental health
    Anxiety disorder 23.3
    Depression 39.8
Any presence of pain 36.6
Types of psychotropic medications received
  Antipsychotics 19.0
  Antianxiety 18.4
  Antidepressant 46.9
  Hypnotic 4.0
  1. a Included another nursing home/swing bed, psychiatric hospital, inpatient rehabilitation facility, intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities facility, long-term care hospitals, hospice, and other unspecified admission sources. b Measured by FRAIL-NH using previously validated cutoffs: robust (0–5), pre-frail (6–7), and frail (≥ 8).c Measured by BIMS using previously validated cutoffs: intact/mild impairment (13–15), moderate impairment (8–12), and severe impairment (0–7). d Included non-Alzheimer’s dementia (e.g., vascular or multi-infarct dementia), mixed dementia; frontotemporal dementia (e.g., Pick’s disease), and dementia related to stroke, Parkinson’s or Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease