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Table 5 Multivariate linear regression for health behaviour

From: Health behaviour and its determinants in elderly patients with chronic diseases: evidence from Jiangsu Province, China

Dependent variable
(score)
Independent variable
(score)
Group Reference group b (95% CI) S.E t value Pvalue
Panel A
  Health behaviour Income Middle Lower-middle 3.83 (1.39, 7.21) 1.72 2.21 0.028
Upper-middle   4.43 (1.42, 8.64) 2.12 2.18 0.031
Age 80 and above 60–80 -3.57 (-5.48, -1.65) 0.96 -3.69  < 0.001
Marriage Single/divorced/widowed Married -4.41 (-6.44, -2.73) 0.94 -4.76  < 0.001
Education High school Junior secondary school and below 4.12 (1.73, 6.53) 1.26 3.35  < 0.001
Bachelor’s degree and above   3.37 (1.51, 6.47) 1.31 2.71 0.009
  Nutrition Age 80 and above 60–80 -0.51 (-0.82, -0.13) 0.17 -2.57 0.013
Education High school Junior secondary school and below 0.64 (0.19, 1.13) 0.23 2.89 0.007
Bachelor’s degree and above   1.24 (0.62, 1, 94) 0.32 4.55  < 0.001
Panel B
  Tobacco and alcohol use Sex Female Male 0.33 (0.13, 0.87) 0.27 3.17 0.001
Education High school Junior secondary school and below 1.53 (0.59, 2.57) 0.49 3.31  < 0.001
Bachelor’s degree and above   1.91 (2.12, 3.25) 0.62 3.26  < 0.001
  Physical activity Age 80 and above 60–80 -1.32 (-1.94, -0.67) 0.33 -3.91  < 0.001
Marriage Single/divorced/widowed Married -1.13 (-1.67, -0.35) 0.38 -2.96 0.002
  Stress management Age 80 and above 60–80 -0.53 (-0.86, -0.17) 0.21 -2.88 0.007
Income Middle Lower-middle 1.03 (0.44, 1.68) 0.32 3.75  < 0.001
Upper-middle   0.86 (0.30, 1.72) 0.37 3.49  < 0.001
  Health responsibility Income Middle Lower-middle 1.31 (0.20, 2.36) 0.52 2.46 0.018
Upper-middle   1.87 (0.74, 3.11) 0.71 2.94 0.003
Education High school Junior secondary school and below 1.65 (0.67, 2.54) 0.48 3.41  < 0.001
Bachelor’s degree and above   1.43 (0.51, 2.39) 0.46 3.34  < 0.001
Panel C
  Spiritual growth Income Middle Lower-middle 1.23 (0.26, 2.12) 0.50 2.32 0.024
Upper-middle   1.75 (0.57, 3.07) 0.67 3.28  < 0.001
Age 80 and above 60–80 -0.59 (-1.01, -0.07) 0.21 -2.56 0.013
Marriage Single/divorced/widowed Married -1.05 (-1.65, -0.23) 0.33 -2.73 0.009
Education High school Junior secondary school and below 0.97 (0.38, 1.61) 0.30 3.18 0.001
Bachelor’s degree and above   1.29 (0.87, 2.36) 0.34 3.98  < 0.001
  1. Only statistically significant (P < 0.05) independent variables are listed in Table 5