Skip to main content

Table 3 Health behaviour scores of respondents within dimensions

From: Health behaviour and its determinants in elderly patients with chronic diseases: evidence from Jiangsu Province, China

Dimension Health behaviour Possible score Score range
Mean \(\pm\) S.D
Standardised score range Within-dimension rank
Panel A
  Nutrition Grains 4 3.87 \(\pm\) 0.25 96.75 ± 0.06 1
Fresh vegetables 4 3.52 \(\pm\) 0.24 88.00 ± 0.06 2
Fresh fruit 4 2.96 \(\pm\) 0.37 74.00 ± 0.09 6
Protein 4 3.01 \(\pm\) 0.19 75.25 ± 0.05 5
Eats breakfast 4 3.41 \(\pm\) 0.26 85.25 ± 0.07 3
Sanitary food practices 4 3.06 \(\pm\) 0.31 76.50 ± 0.08 4
  Tobacco and alcohol use Smoking 4 2.85 \(\pm\) 0.52 71.25 ± 0.13 2
Excessive alcohol consumption 4 3.32 \(\pm\) 0.39 83.00 ± 0.10 1
  Physical activity Daily exercise (e.g., going for a walk) 4 3.13 \(\pm\) 0.25 78.25 ± 0.06 1
Entertaining exercise (e.g., group dancing) 4 3.11 \(\pm\) 0.24 77.75 ± 0.06 2
Outdoor activity (e.g., hiking) 4 2.18 \(\pm\) 0.24 54.50 ± 0.06 3
Panel B
  Stress management Communication with spouse 4 3.51 \(\pm\) 0.27 87.75 ± 0.07 1
Communication with children 4 3.29 \(\pm\) 0.32 82.25 ± 0.08 3
Social activity 4 3.43 \(\pm\) 0.24 85.75 ± 0.06 2
Adequate sleep 4 1.93 \(\pm\) 0.32 48.25 ± 0.08 5
Interpersonal relationships 4 2.88 \(\pm\) 0.19 72.00 ± 0.05 4
  Health responsibility Regular physical examinations 4 3.31 \(\pm\) 0.31 82.75 ± 0.08 2
Daily tooth brushing 4 3.68 \(\pm\) 0.42 92.00 ± 0.11 1
Health knowledge 4 3.05 \(\pm\) 0.22 76.25 ± 0.06 3
Obtaining timely medical treatment 4 2.21 \(\pm\) 1.08 55.25 ± 0.27 5
Following doctor’s advice 4 2.98 \(\pm\) 0.37 74.50 ± 0.09 4
  Spiritual growth Optimism 4 3.19 \(\pm\) 0.21 79.75 ± 0.05 1
Clear goals 4 2.71 \(\pm\) 0.46 67.75 ± 0.12 4
Confidence in future 4 3.02 \(\pm\) 0.53 75.50 ± 0.13 3
Happiness in daily life 4 3.12 \(\pm\) 0.29 78.00 ± 0.07 2