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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample

From: The impact of having foreign domestic workers on informal caregivers of persons with dementia – findings from a multi-method research in Singapore

Variables Quantitative sub-study Qualitative sub-study
Frequency/Mean Percentage/SD Frequency/Mean Percentage/SD
Independent/treatment variable
 Caregiver receiving support from FDWs in taking care of PWDs
  Yes 123 43.6 - -
  No 159 56.4 - -
Matching variable
 Age 55.7 11.8 55.7 4.6
 Gender
  Male 70 24.8 3 20
  Female 212 75.2 12 80
 Ethnicity
  Chinese 234 83.0 13 86.7
  Malay 29 10.3 1 6.7
  Indian & others 19 6.7 1 6.7
 Education level
  Secondary or below (include N/O level) 120 42.6 - -
  A level, polytechnic, and other diploma 73 25.9 - -
  Degree or above 89 31.6 - -
 Marital status
  Single 79 28.0 - -
  Married, divorced & widowed 203 72.0 - -
 Monthly household income
   < SGD5,999 147 52.1 - -
  SGD6,000 or above 89 31.6 - -
  NA/DK 46 16.3 - -
 Relationship to the PWD
  Spouse 43 15.3 - -
  Son 48 17.0 3 20
  Daughter 156 55.3 11 73.3
  Others 35 12.4 1 6.7
 No. of PWD’s ADL 2.4 1.9 - -
 No. of PWD’s IADL 5.9 1.9 - -
 PWD’s memory and behaviour problems 6.9 3.1 - -
Outcome variables
 CESD 14.3 11.0 - -
 ZBI (17 items) 23.6 13.4 - -
  impact on caregiver’s life 12.4 7.5 - -
  uncertainty over future 4.5 2.8 - -
  frustration 6.7 4.9 - -
 RSCSE—Obtain respite 65.9 29.0 - -
 RSCSE—Responding to disruptive behavior 65.2 24.0 - -
 RSCSE—Controlling upsetting thoughts 67.7 20.9 - -
 Positive aspects of caregiving 35.4 6.6 - -
  1. SD standard deviation