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Table 4 Cross-sectional mediations

From: Associations between new health conditions and healthcare service utilizations among older adults in the United Kingdom: effects of COVID-19 risks, worse financial situation, and lowered income

Total effect model Wave 1 Wave 2
Cnd → Tcn Cnd → Acr Cnd → Tcn Cnd → Acr
Coeff. LLCI ULCI Coeff. LLCI ULCI Coeff. LLCI ULCI Coeff. LLCI ULCI
constant −1.7471 −1.8178 −1.6765 −.5205 −.6236 −.4173 −1.2113 −1.3029 −1.1197 1.2250 1.1383 1.3118
Cnd .4965 .4178 .5751 .1665 .0594 .2736 .1293 .0088 .2497 −.1132 −.2302 .0038
-2LL 6199.0070    2525.2782    3376.7636    3684.6879   
Model LL 149.3664    9.3217    4.2735    3.4770   
McFadden .0235    .0037    .0013    .0009   
CoxSnell .0213    .0049    .0014    .0010   
Nagelkrk .0356    .0067    .0021    .0015   
  Effect LLCI ULCI Effect LLCI ULCI Effect LLCI ULCI Effect LLCI ULCI
Total effect of X on Y .4965 .4178 .5751 .1665 .0594 .2736 .1293 .0088 .2497 −.1132 −.2302 .0038
Direct effect of X on Y .4972 .4183 .5760 .1647 .0573 .2721 .1196 −.0015 .2406 −.1022 −.2203 .0159
Indirect effect(s) of X on Y
 Total .0008 −.0035 .0064     .0099 .0008 .0254    
 Cnd - > Csk - > Tcn .0001 −.0030 .0040     .0073 .0010 .0199    
 Cnd - > Csk - > CFn- > Tcn .0000 −.0001 .0001     .0001 −.0001 .0006    
 Cnd - > Csk - > CIn - > Tcn .0000 −.0001 .0000     .0001 .0000 .0008    
 Cnd - > Csk - > CFn- > CIn - > Tcn .0000 .0000 .0000     .0001 .0000 .0004    
 Cnd - > CFn- > Tcn −.0003 −.0042 .0016     .0011 −.0031 .0096    
 Cnd - > CFn- > CIn- > Tcn .0001 −.0004 .0012     .0012 −.0005 .0057    
 Cnd - > CIn - > Tcn .0009 −.0012 .0053     .0001 −.0033 .0046    
Indirect effect(s) of X on Y
 Total     .0026 −.0074 .0143     −.0113 −.0299 .0026
 Cnd - > Csk - > Acr     −.0004 −.0065 .0050     −.0055 −.0159 −.0004
 Cnd - > Csk- > CFn- > Acr     .0002 .0000 .0010     −.0005 −.0018 .0000
 Cnd - > Csk- > CIn- > Acr     .0001 .0000 .0005     .0000 −.0002 .0002
 Cnd - > Csk - > CFn - > CIn - > Acr     .0000 .0000 .0003     .0000 −.0002 .0001
 Cnd - > CFn- > Acr     .0010 −.0051 .0097     −.0053 −.0189 .0058
 Cnd- > CFn- > CIn- > Acr     .0002 −.0008 .0033     .0000 −.0022 .0016
 Cnd- > CIn - > Acr     .0015 −.0014 .0101     .0000 −.0024 .0028
N 6926    1896    3090    3399   
  1. Cnd new health conditions, Tcn treatment cancellation, Acr accessible care, Csk COVID-19 risks, CFn worse financial situation, CIn = lowered income, LLCI low limit confidence interval, ULCI upper limit confidence interval