Skip to main content

Table 2 Zero-inflated Poisson regression on new health conditions and COVID-19 risks, IRR (95% CI)

From: Associations between new health conditions and healthcare service utilizations among older adults in the United Kingdom: effects of COVID-19 risks, worse financial situation, and lowered income

  Wave 1 Wave 2
New health conditions COVID-19 risks New health conditions COVID-19 risks
Age IRR (95% CI) IRR (95% CI) IRR (95% CI) IRR (95% CI)
 50–64 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference]
 65–84 0.76*** (0.69, 0.84) 0.55*** (0.49, 0.61) 0.70*** (0.63, 0.77) 0.46*** (0.42, 0.51)
  ≥ 85 0.95(0.79, 1.14) 0.42*** (0.32, 0.57) 0.74** (0.58, 0.93) 0.38*** (0.30, 0.49)
Sex
 Female 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference]
 Male 0.79*** (0.71, 0.87) 0.82*** (0.73, 0.91) 0.78*** (0.70, 0.88) 0.84*** (0.77, 0.92)
Long-standing condition
 No 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference]
 Yes 1.48*** (1.35, 1.63) 0.96(0.86, 1.06) 1.37*** (1.23, 1.52) 0.90** (0.82, 0.99)
Worse financial situation
 No 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference]
 Yes 0.88(0.76, 1.03) 0.94(0.80, 1.11) 0.96(0.80, 1.15) 0.95(0.82, 1.10)
Lowered income
 No 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference] 1[reference]
 Yes 0.79*** (0.67, 0.93) 1.01(0.86, 1.20) 0.80** (0.65, 0.97) 0.93(0.80, 1.09)
inflate
 region 0.20** (0.04, 0.36) 0.10(−0.08, 0.29) 0.18** (0.01, 0.36) 0.47 *** (0.25, 0.69)
 Constant 3.72*** (0.20, 0.64) 0.30** (0.04, 0.57) 0.58*** (0.34, 0.83) −0.97 *** (−1.30, −0.63)
 Number 6921 6921 6674 6674
  1. IRR incidence relative risk, 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. ** and *** denote significance at 5, and 1% levels, respectively