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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics throughout the observation period and BL characteristics for those deceased during the observation period

From: Mortality in nursing home residents stratified according to subtype of dementia: a longitudinal study over three years

  BL FU1 FU2 FU3 Deceased during study period, BL characteristics
Participants (%) 1349 1014 (75.1) 715 (53.0) 483 (35.8) 778 (57.7)
Examination carried out, n (%) 1349 (100) 849 (84) 558 (78) 339 (70)  
Difference since study start, n (%)
 - Deceased 302 (22.4) 566 (42.0) 778 (57.7)
 - othera   33 (2) 68 (4) 88 (6)  
Difference since year before, n (%)      
 - Deceased 302 (22.4) 264 (26.0) 212 (29.7)
 - other   33 (2) 35 (2) 20 (1)  
Gender, female (%) 874 (65) 677 (67) 485 (68) 337 (70) 482 (62)
Age, mean (SD) 84.7 (7.5) 84.5 (7.5) 83.7 (7.7) 83.5 (7.7) 85.8 (7.0)
Living alone before NH; n (%) 937 (69) 714 (71) 506 (71) 340 (71) 541 (70)
GMHR poor or moderate, n (%) 648 (52) 481 (58) 344 (63) 205 (65) 414 (58)
BMI, mean (SD) 24.3 (4.9) 25.2 (6.6) 25.4 (5.3) 25.2 (4.7) 23.8 (5.0)
PSMS, mean (SD) 15.0 (4.9) 16.5 (4.8) 18.1 (4.9) 19.5 (5.0) 15.9 (4.5)
NPI, mean (SD) 13.8 (16.8) 15.5 (17.3) 18.5 (20.0) 18.1 (19.6) 14.4 (17.0)
NPI-AGI, mean (SD) 4.3 (7.2) 5.3 (7.8) 6.7 (8.9) 6.4 (8.3) 4.4 (7.0)
NPI_PSY, mean (SD) 1.7 (3.7) 2.0 (3.9) 2.5 (4.3) 2.5 (4.5) 1.8 (3.8)
NPI-AFF, mean (SD) 3.7 (4.3) 3.4 (5.2) 3.6 (5.3) 3.5 (5.5) 3.8 (4.4)
CDR-SoB 10.3 (4.3) 11.9 (4.1) 13.1 (4.1) 13.8 (4.0) 10.5 (4.4)
Type of dementia, n (%)
 - No dementia 204 (15.1) 127 (12.5) 82 (11.5) 62 (12.8) 126 (16.3)
 - AD 766 (57.0) 605 (59.7) 422 (59.0) 284 (58.8) 434 (55.8)
 - VaD 81 (6.0) 68 (6.7) 49 (6.9) 33 (6.8) 42 (5.4)
 - AD/VaD 64 (4.7) 47 (4.6) 35 (5.0) 25 (5.2) 36 (4.6)
-  FTD 99 (7.3) 74 (7.3) 59 (8.3) 36 (7.5) 57 (7.3)
 - DLB/PDD 66 (4.9) 52 (5.1) 38 (5.3) 25 (5.2) 39 (5.0)
 - Unspecified 58 (4.3) 31 (3.1) 21 (2.9) 12 (2.5) 39 (5.0)
 - Cannot be evaluated 11 (0.8) 10 (1.0) 8 (1.1) 6 (1.2) 5 (0.7)
  1. BL baseline, FU follow-up, SD standard deviation, GMHR General medical health rating, BMI Body mass index, PSMS Physical self-maintenance scale, NPI Neuropsychiatric inventory, NPI-AGI NPI sub-syndromes agitation/aggression, disinhibition and irritability, NPI-PSY NPI sub-syndromes delusions and hallucinations, NPI-AFF NPI sub-syndromes depression and anxiety, CDR-SoB Clinical dementia rating scale – sum of boxes, AD Alzheimer’s disease, VaD vascular dementia, FTD frontotemporal dementia, DLB dementia with Lewy bodies, PDD Parkinson’s disease dementia
  2. aOther = participants moved to another institution or nursing home has withdrawn from participation