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Table 2 Hazard ratios (95% CI) of all-cause mortality after bereavement dependent on various DIORs in tertiles

From: Dynamical indicators in time series of healthcare expenditures predict mortality risk of older adults following spousal bereavement

Stratum DIORs Tertile HR [95% CI] P-value
All (N = 51,890) Average Bottom 1  
Middle 1.64 [1.41, 1.90]  < 0.001
Top 5.95 [5.24, 6.76]  < 0.001
Slope Bottom 1  
Middle 0.51 [0.45, 0.57]  < 0.001
Top 1.60 [1.47, 1.74]  < 0.001
Mean Squared Error Bottom 1  
Middle 3.38 [2.84, 4.03]  < 0.001
Top 10.05 [8.54, 11.84]  < 0.001
Autocorrelation Bottom 1  
Middle 1.59 [1.40, 1.81]  < 0.001
Top 3.66 [3.27, 4.10]  < 0.001
Males (N = 17,813) Average Bottom 1  
Middle 1.57 [1.28, 1.92]  < 0.001
Top 4.81 [4.04, 5.72]  < 0.001
Slope Bottom 1  
Middle 0.64 [0.55, 0.76]  < 0.001
Top 1.61 [1.43, 1.81]  < 0.001
Mean Squared Error Bottom 1  
Middle 2.83 [2.23, 3.60]  < 0.001
Top 7.73 [6.19, 9.65]  < 0.001
Autocorrelation Bottom 1  
Middle 1.44 [1.21, 1.71]  < 0.001
Top 2.86 [2.44, 3.34]  < 0.001
Females (N = 34,077) Average Bottom 1  
Middle 1.74 [1.40, 2.16]  < 0.001
Top 7.28 [6.03, 8.78]  < 0.001
Slope Bottom 1  
Middle 0.41 [0.34, 0.49]  < 0.001
Top 1.58 [1.41, 1.78]  < 0.001
Mean Squared Error Bottom 1  
Middle 4.00 [3.10, 5.17]  < 0.001
Top 12.89 [10.14, 16.40]  < 0.001
Autocorrelation Bottom 1  
Middle 1.75 [1.46, 2.11]  < 0.001
Top 4.65 [3.95, 5.48]  < 0.001
  1. All hazard ratios (HRs) adjusted for age, stratified on sex, CI Confidence Interval