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Table 4 Healthy lifestyle categories and risk of all-cause mortality

From: Combined impact of lifestyle-related factors on total mortality among the elder Chinese: a prospective cohort study

Lifestyle categories Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI)
Unhealthy lifestyle (n = 2056 [13.6%]) 1 1 1
Intermediate lifestyle (n = 9988[65.9%]) 0.89(0.84,0.95) 0.90(0.85,0.96) 0.90(0.85,0.96)
Healthy lifestyle (n = 3119[20.5%]) 0.76(0.71,0.82) 0.78(0.72,0.83) 0.78(0.72,0.83)
P value for trend <.001 <.001 <.001
Total PARa 26.6% 25.4% 25.2%
  1. Model 1 was adjusted for age and sex
  2. Model 2 was adjusted for age, sex, education level, marital status and place of residence
  3. Model 3 was further adjusted for physical comorbidities at baseline
  4. aEstimated by summing specific PARs of each exposure category from unhealthy to intermediate lifestyle using a healthy lifestyle group as the reference