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Table 1 Prognostic factors for post-stroke dysphagia

From: Prevalence of dysphagia and risk of pneumonia and mortality in acute stroke patients: a meta-analysis

Variables n OR (95% CI) p-value
Gender
  Female 17 1.25 (1.09 – 1.43) 0.002
  Male 15 0.82 (0.70–0.95) 0.010
Stroke type
  Haemorrhagic stroke 11 1.52 (1.13–2.04) 0.006
  Ischaemic stroke 11 0.54 (0.46–0.65) 0.000
  Previous stroke 6 1.40 (1.18–1.67) 0.000
  Stroke severity 6 1.38 (1.17–1.61) 0.000
Comorbidities
  Diabetes Mellitus 10 1.24 (1.02–1.51) 0.028
  Hypertension 10 1.16 (0.93–1.45) 0.179
  Atrial fibrillation 5 1.66 (0.92–3.02) 0.094
  Hyperlipidaemia 5 1.34 (0.92–1.95) 0.128
Stroke location
  Right hemisphere 7 1.14 (0.82–1.60) 0.434
  Left hemisphere 7 0.93 (0.73–1.18) 0.521
Stroke syndromes
  TACS 6 1.81 (0.89–3.68) 0.104
  PACS 5 1.06 (0.15–7.49) 0.951
  POCS 5 0.70 (0.26–1.85) 0.472
  LACS 5 0.67 (0.09–4.96) 0.696
  1. CI confidence interval, LACS lacunar syndrome, n number of studies, OR odds ratio, p-value probability value, PACS partial anterior circulation syndrome, POCS posterior circulation syndrome, TACS total anterior circulation syndrome