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Table 2 Risk factors related to different sarcopenia groups

From: Correlation between nutrition, oral health, and different sarcopenia groups among elderly outpatients of community hospitals: a cross-sectional study of 1505 participants in China

Factors Possible sarcopenia (n = 88) Diagnosed sarcopenia (n = 142) Severe sarcopenia (n = 136)
β OR 95% CI p-value β OR 95% CI p-value β OR 95% CI p-value
Agea -9.47 1.10 1.06–1.13 p < 0.001 -6.68 1.06 1.03–1.09 p < 0.001 -29.44 1.40 1.34–1.47 p < 0.001
Sex
 Female -2.66 1.19 0.76–1.85 0.45 -2.03 0.91 0.64–1.29 0.60 -2.13 1.00 0.70–1.44 0.98
 Maleb   1           
Household income
  ≤ 3000 0.86 2.36 0.81–6.87 0.12 -0.48 0.62 0.33–1.14 0.12 0.40 0.78 0.44–1.40 0.40
 3000–6000 0.73 2.07 0.73–5.82 0.17 -0.29 0.75 0.43–1.29 0.29 0.04 0.57 0.33–0.98 0.04*
  ≥ 6000b   1           
Education level
 Primary school or below 1.20 3.32 1.09–10.07 0.03* -0.64 0.53 0.23–1.23 0.14 -0.37 0.69 0.34–1.43 0.32
 Middle or senior high school 0.75 2.11 0.76–5.91 0.15 0.08 1.08 0.60–1.94 0.80 -0.25 0.78 0.45–1.34 0.37
 University level or aboveb   1     1     1   
Drinking
 No   2.45 0.88–6.80 0.09   1.07 0.60–1.91 0.83   1.10 0.60–2.02 0.75
 Yesb   1     1     1   
Smoking status
 Non-smoker   1.23 0.69–2.19 0.48   0.95 0.62–1.45 0.79   1.31 0.81–2.12 0.27
 Yesb   1     1     1   
Chronic diseases
 No 26 1.36 0.85–2.20 0.20 24 0.66 0.43–1.05 0.08 13 0.34 0.19–0.62 P < 0.001
 Yesb 62 1    118     123    
Physical activity scorea -0.01 0.99 0.94–1.06 0.93 -0.23 0.80 0.74–0.85 p < 0.01* -0.62 0.54 0.47–0.61 p < 0.001
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. aNon-sarcopenia group was the reference
  3. bThe variable was the reference
  4. *The p-values were calculated using the chi-square test for categorical variables and using the Kruskal–Wallis H-test for continuous variables