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Table 3 AWESSoM measures with reference to populations

From: Optimising function and well-being in older adults: protocol for an integrated research programme in Aotearoa/New Zealand

Characteristic Measure Population
Personal characteristics
Socioeconomic status
Ethnicity, sex, age, Living arrangement,
Pension status, geographical location
Community dwellers, Care home residents, Māori, Pacific
Functional status NEADL Community dwellers, Māori, Pacific elders
Cognition RUDAS
Community dwellers, Pacific elders
Care home residents
Medical history Menu list of medical diagnoses including: Cardiovascular disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Parkinson’s disease, and all relevant diagnoses. Community dwellers, Māori, Pacific elders
Well-being, Quality of life SF-36 Physical and mental subscale scores
Qual-AD [36]
Kaupapa Māori quality of life questionnaire
Community dwellers, Māori
Care home residents
Physical performance Short Physical Performance Battery & Timed Up and Go (TUG) [37]. Community dwellers, Care home residents, Māori, Pacific elders
Habitual activity 7 day accelerometry monitoring of physical activity, sedentary behaviour & gait parameters
CHAMPS activity questionnaire
Community dwellers, Māori
Community dwellers
Oral health Oral-health-related quality of life and self-reported oral health (OHIP-14 + Locker item and items on chewing ability), eating assessment tool (EAT-10; dysphagia), oral health assessment tool (OHAT) [38], summated xerostomia inventory (SXI; dry mouth) [39] Community dwellers, Care home residents, Māori, Pacific elders
Social connectedness UC UCLA loneliness questionnaire (3 items) [40]; Lubben Social Network
Scale [41]
Community dwellers, Pacific elders (UCLA only)
Nutritional health SCREEN II as a validated (in NZ) nutrition risk screening tool [42]. Community dwellers, Māori, Pacific
Sleep health Actigraphic sleep monitoring Community dwellers, care home residents, and Māori identified as ‘problem sleepers’ by self-report and/or standard cut-off scores
  PSQI, rMEQ and the STOP-Bang for sleep disordered breathing [43]
Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire [44]
Semi-structured sleep interviews
Community dwellers, Māori, Pacific elders (selected outcomes)
Care home residents
Care home (staff), Māori
  1. CHAMPS The Community Health Activities Model Program for Seniors physical activity self-report questionnaire [45], NEADL Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living Scale [46], MOCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment [47], PSQI Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [48], Qual-AD Quality of life in Alzheimer’s Disease [36], OHIP-14Oral Health Impact Profile-1 4[49], rMEQ Reduced Morning Eveningess Questionnaire [50], RUDAS Rowland Universal Dementia Rating Scale, [51] SF36 Short Form 36 [52], SXI Summated Xerostomia Inventory [53]