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Table 3 Univariate analyses between the frailty index and characteristics of caregivers

From: The relationship between social deprivation and a frailty index of cumulative deficits in French middle-aged caregivers

Variables N. of data available Beta [95% CI] p
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Age (per 1-year increase) 111 0.004 [0.002; 0.007] 0.001
 Gender (male vs. female gender) 111 − 0.018 [− 0.056; 0.02] 0.36
 Educational level: 111   
  Primary (reference)  
  Secondary   −0.027 [− 0.075; 0.022] 0.28
  Tertiary   −0.054 [− 0.095; − 0.012] 0.012
 Professional situation: 111   
  Active (reference)  
  Inactive   0.061 [0.01; 0.111] 0.019
  Retired   0.018 [−0.017; 0.054] 0.31
 Socio-professional category (current or past): 110   
  High profession (reference)  
  Intermediate profession   0.002 [−0.034; 0.037] 0.93
  Trader, craftsman or farmer   −0.019 [− 0.106; 0.068] 0.67
  Worker   0.044 [− 0.043; 0.131] 0.32
 Civil status (single vs. couple) 110 0.031 [−0.001; 0.064] 0.06
 Financial difficulties for needs 106 0.046 [0.003; 0.089] 0.037
 Homeowner 108 −0.042 [− 0.082; − 0.002] 0.039
 Leisure within the year 110 −0.096 [− 0.15; − 0.041] 0.001
 Epices score (per 10-point increase) 90 0.010 [0.003; 0.018] 0.011
 Social deprivation (precarious vs. non-precarious) 90 0.048 [0.01; 0.087] 0.015
Caregiving characteristics
 Relationship to care recipient 101   
  Parent (reference)  
  Child   −0.001 [− 0.054; 0.051] 0.96
  Spouse   −0.003 [− 0.065; 0.059] 0.92
  Other   −0.038 [− 0.087; 0.011] 0.13
 Care recipient with neurological disease 100 0.008 [−0.024; 0.040] 0.61
CRA questionnaire scores for the five dimensions:
 Caregiver’s self-esteem problems (per 1-point increase) 60 0.001 [−0.004; 0.005] 0.80
 Lack of family support (per 1-point increase) 58 0.003 [−0.001; 0.007] 0.18
 Financial problems (per 1-point increase) 56 0.005 [−0.001; 0.011] 0.08
 Disrupted schedule (per 1-point increase) 60 0.003 [−0.001; 0.006] 0.11
 Health problems (per 1-point increase) 58 0.004 [−0.001; 0.009] 0.15
Health characteristics
 Perceived health’ VAS (per 10-point increase) 110 −0.024 [− 0.034; − 0.014] <  10−3
 Financial assistance for long-term illness 100 0.052 [0.013; 0.09] 0.009
 Smoking status: 110   
  Never smoker (reference)  
  Former smoker   −0.002 [−0.035; 0.031] 0.91
  Current smoker   −0.018 [− 0.072; 0.036] 0.51
 Audit questionnaire for alcohol misuse: 105   
  No misuse  
  Harmful drinking   0.012 [−0.064; 0.088] 0.76
  Alcohol dependence   −0.052 [− 0.149; 0.046] 0.29
 General practitioner consulted within the year 110 0.061 [−0.104; 0.227] 0.47
 Mammography screening within two years 81 −0.02 [− 0.068; 0.029] 0.42
 Cervical smear screening within three years 80 −0.001 [− 0.043; 0.041] 0.97
 Colorectal cancer screening within two years 95 −0.004 [− 0.038; 0.031] 0.84
  1. 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval, CRA Caregiver Reaction Assessment, VAS Visual Analog Scale, Audit Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test