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Table 7 Framework Matrix for Barriers and Enablers

From: Potential value of home square-stepping exercises for inactive older adults: an exploratory case study

Participant # Self-reported barriers Senior fitness Pre-post
Intensity Themes
Participant 2
Age 74
BMI 30.4
Uncomfortable in fitness facility
Access to opportunities
Suitable programs
Hard to keep intensity
Endurance: 25
Lower strength:10
Agility: 10
Upper strength:25
Balance: 3 s
3403–3674 23% Prefers home exercise [enabler]: I don’t like changing in front of people, I can’t balance and can’t get my clothes on. I don’t want people watching that… I have had unpleasant experience with changing with people watching and me exercising
Hard to keep intensity [barrier]: It's hard, it’s really boring, I was just counting, boring, easier if I had a radio program on, I organized it around radio programs, then it was easy. It's mentally hard when nothing is playing
Participant 8
Age 75
BMI 34.1
Not a priority
Uncomfortable in fitness facility
Endurance: 50
Lower strength: 25
Agility: 25
Upper strength: 24
Balance: 2 s
5412–4008 9% Home equipment [enabler]: the materials I used were just great! I didn’t have to buy anything new…
Hard to keep intensity [barrier]: Too much at once. If I just cut down and do 5-min and got do my exercises and maybe a week or two later, I add a minute and I can work up to 10 min
Participant 4
Age 70
BMI 32.1
Hard to keep intensity
Access to opportunities
Endurance: 75
Lower strength: 90
Agility: 50
Upper strength: 70
Balance: 14 s
7129–10,952 79% Prefers home exercise [enabler]: I like doing it at home, I wouldn’t go to a gym, I never been to one in my life, I get out and I do a lot around the yard and the house…
Lack of time [barrier]: If the work hadn’t had come up it wouldn’t had been a big deal… this would’ve been fun
Participant 5
Age 67
BMI 33.1
Social support
Suitable programs
Endurance: 90
Lower strength: 90
Agility: 75
Upper strength: 50
Balance: 25 s
6921–10,688 54% Convenience [enabler]: The fact that the program is all set up and it's not difficult to do on your own… we’ve got the thing [Home Steps mat], we have time, we have Alexis [AI device] for a timer… we had a backpack with a weight in it…
Pain [barrier]: When I was younger, I use to go to the gym all the time, step classes etc., but now you know bad knees and feet or back and now you don’t do those kinds
  1. Intensity reaching MVPA at 40% and more