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Table 2 Correlations between lifestyle factors and frailty total and frailty domains

From: Associations between lifestyle factors and multidimensional frailty: a cross-sectional study among community-dwelling older people

  Frailty total Frailty physical Frailty psychological Frailty social
Lifestyle factors
Smoking
Smoking past –0.042*** –0.022*** –0.031*** –0.058***
Smoking 0.061*** 0.036*** 0.043*** 0.072***
Use of alcohol
Drinking past –0.162*** –0.158*** –0.090*** –0.101***
Drinking –0.202*** –0.197*** –0.120*** –0.1389***
Nutrition‡
Fruits –0.027* –0.019 –0.028* –0.019
Vegetables –0.100*** –0.086*** –0.068*** –0.068***
Hot meal –0.141*** –0.103*** –0.104*** –0.157***
Breakfast –0.055*** –0.038*** –0.048*** –0.053***
Physical activity
Walk work –0.050*** –0.063*** –0.020*** 0.010
Cycle work –0.074*** –0.090*** –0.037*** –0.013*
Homework Light –0.148*** –0.192*** –0.070*** –0.023***
Homework Heavy –0.235*** –0.272*** –0.105*** –0.088***
Active work Light –0.105*** –0.101*** –0.064*** –0.057***
Active work Heavy –0.122*** –0.124*** –0.071*** –0.063***
Walking –0.195*** –0.212*** –0.089*** –0.090***
Cycling –0.292*** –0.294*** –0.159*** –0.178***
Gardening –0.261*** –0.264*** –0.155*** –0.139***
Do-it-yourself –0.238*** –0.204*** –0.159*** –0.173***
Sports –0.171*** –0.170*** –0.099*** –0.104***
  1. Correlations (pair-wise exclusion of missing values) with nutrition are only based on data of sample WB, whereas other correlations are based on the data of both samples together.
  2. * * p<0.05; ***p<0.001