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Table 2 Distribution of baseline co-variates at time of admission to LTCH by DNH and DNR Status (n = 123,003 residents)

From: Outcomes of advance care directives after admission to a long-term care home: DNR the DNH?

Covariate Domain Do Not Hospitalize Do Not Resuscitate All Residents (%)
Not Present (%) Present (%) Χ2
p value
Not Present (%) Present (%) Χ2
p value
Age Group 65–74 10,402 (78.3) 2889 (21.74) < .0001 5602 (42.2) 7689 (57.8) < .0001 13,291 (10.8)
75–84 33,504 (76.9) 10,082 (23.1) 14,493 (33.3) 29,093 (66.7) 43,586 (35.4)
85–94 42,105 (73.1) 15,503 (26.9) 14,270 (24.8) 43,338 (75.2) 57,608 (46.8)
95+ 5664 (66.5) 2854 (33.5) 1451 (17.0) 7067 (83.0) 8518 (7.0)
Gender Female 58,889 (74.2) 20,529 (25.8) < .0001 22,410 (28.2) 57,008 (71.8) < .0001 79,418 (64.6)
Male 32,786 (75.2) 10,799 (24.8) 13,406 (30.8) 30,179 (69.2) 43,585 (35.4)
Marital Status Not married 65,784 (74.1) 22,942 (25.9) < .0001 24,884 (28.1) 63,842 (71.9) < .0001 88,726 (72.1)
Married 25,891 (75.5) 8386 (24.5) 10,932 (31.9) 23,345 (68.1) 34,277 (27.9)
Province AB 8541 (68.4) 3943 (31.6) < .0001 2155 (17.3) 10,329 (82.7) < .0001 12,484 (10.2)
BC 13,276 (76.0) 4186 (34.0) 4856 (27.8) 12,606 (72.2) 17,462 (14.2)
ON 69,858 (75.1) 23,199 (24.9) 28,805 (31.0) 64,252 (69.0) 93,057 (75.6)
Diagnoses COPD 15,008 (73.8) 5339 (26.2) 0.0058 5403 (26.6) 14,944 (73.5) < .0001 20,347 (16.5)
No COPD 76,667 (74.7) 25,989 (25.3) 30,413 (29.6) 72,243 (70.4) 102,656 (83.5)
Pneumonia 1561 (71.3) 628 (28.7) 0.0005 526 (24.0) 1663 (76.0) < .0001 2189 (1.8)
No pneumonia 90,114 (74.6) 30,700 (25.4) 35,290 (29.2) 85,524 (70.8)   120,814 (98.2)
Diabetes 23,734 (76.7) 7212 (23.3) < .0001 10,021 (32.4) 20,925 (67.6) < .0001 30,946 (25.2)
No diabetes 67,941 (73.8) 24,116 (26.2) 25,795 (28.0) 66,262 (72.0)   92,057 (74.8)
Arthritis 25,744 (74.3) 12,372 (25.7) 0.116 13,145 (27.3) 34,971 (72.7) < .0001 48,116 (39.1)
No arthritis 55,931 (74.7) 18,956 (25.3) 22,671 (30.3) 52,216 (69.7)   74,887 (60.9)
CRF 9965 (74.7) 3383 (25.3) 0.7262 3730 (27.9) 9618 (72.1) 0.0016 13,348 (10.9)
No CRF 817,710 (74.5) 27,945 (25.5) 32,086 (29.3) 77,569 (70.7)   109,655 (89.1)
ADRD 56,261 (73.8) 19,941 (26.2) < .0001 21,548 (28.3) 54,654 (71.7) < .0001 76,202 (62.0)
No ADRD 35,414 (75.7) 11,387 (24.3) 14,268 (30.5) 32,533 (69.5)   46,801 (38.0)
HF 13,754 (73.2) 5041 (26.8) < .0001 4642 (24.7) 14,153 (75.3) < .0001 18,795 (15.3)
No HF 77,921 (74.8) 26,287 (25.2) 31,174 (29.9) 73,034 (70.1)   104,208 (84.7)
Cancer 9587 (72.3) 3677 (27.7) < .0001 3531 (26.6) 9733 (73.4)   13,264 (10.8)
No cancer 82,088 (74.8) 27,651 (25.2) 32,285 (29.4) 77,454 (70.6) < .0001 109,739 (89.2)
CHESS 0 46,724 (76.9) 14,062 (23.1) < .0001 19,681 (32.4) 41,105 (67.6) < .0001 60,786 (49.4)
1 28,920 (73.7) 10,312 (26.3) 11,075 (28.2) 28,157 (71.8) 39,232 (31.9)
2 11,482 (71.8) 4510 (28.2) 3790 (23.7) 12,202 (76.3) 15,992 (13.0)
3 3428 (66.8) 1701 (33.2) 999 (19.5) 4130 (80.5) 5129 (4.2)
4 1013 (62.8) 599 (37.2) 247 (15.3) 1365 (84.7) 1612 (1.3)
5 108 (42.9) 144 (57.1) 24 (9.5) 228 (90.5) 252 (0.2)
Physician visit in last 14 days Yes 72,875 (74.2) 25,302 (25.8) < .0001 28,777 (29.3) 69,400 (70.7) 0.003 98,177 (79.8)
No 18,800 (75.7) 6026 (24.3) 7039 (28.4) 17,787 (71.6) 24,826 (20.2)
CPS 0 11,197 (79.3) 2932 (20.7) < .0001 4913 (34.8) 9216 (65.2) < .0001 14,129 (11.5)
1,2 33,974 (75.8) 10,873 (24.2) 13,413 (29.9) 31,434 (70.1) 44,847 (36.5)
3,4 37,545 (73.4) 13,593 (26.6) 14,249 (27.9) 36,889 (72.1) 51,138 (41.6)
5,6 8959 (69.5) 3930 (30.5) 3241 (25.2) 9648 (74.8) 12,889 (10.5)
ADLH Scale = 0 5036 (80.4) 1228 (19.6) < .0001 2145 (34.2) 4119 (65.8) < .0001 6264 (5.1)
Scale = 1,2 25,762 (77.0) 7698 (23.0) 10,590 (31.7) 22,870 (68.3) 33,460 (27.2)
Scale > = 3 60,877 (73.1) 22,402 (26.9) 23,081 (27.7) 60,198 (72.3) 83,279 (67.7)
  1. AB Alberta, BC British Columbia, ON Ontario, COPD Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, ADRD Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias, CRF Chronic Renal Failure, HF Heart failure, CHESS Changes in Health, End-Stage Disease, and Signs and Symptoms Scale, CPS Cognitive Performance Scale, ADLH Activities of Daily Living Hierarchy Scale