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Table 2 Logistic regression of working memory (word recall and computation) by food security and selected sociodemographic parameters

From: Effect of food insecurity on the cognitive problems among elderly in India

  Word recall problem Computational problem
Food Insecurity Odds ratio CI at 95% Odds ratio CI at 95%
Severe
 Moderate 0.58** 0.26–1.27 0.55** 0.35–0.84
 Secure 0.86* 0.31–0.98 0.45*** 0.29–0.70
Gender
 Male     
 Female 1.08 0.74–1.57 2.75*** 2.27–3.32
Age
 60–69     
 70+ 2.93*** 2.16–3.97 2.18*** 1.91–2.49
Marital Status
 Currently married     
 never married 2.03** 1.02–4.02 1.80** 1.18–2.74
 divorced/separated/deserted 1.60** 1.12–2.27 2.24*** 1.94–2.59
Education
 No Education     
 Below primary 0.60** 0.39–0.92 0.28*** 0.22–0.35
 Primary 0.59*** 0.38–0.80 0.18*** 0.14–0.23
 Secondary 0.78 0.29–2.06 0.16*** 0.07–0.37
 Higher 0.30*** 0.19–0.48 0.06*** 0.04–0.10
Living arrangements
 Living alone     
 With spouse 0.80 0.49–1.28 0.52*** 0.42–0.64
 With others 1.43** 0.98–2.10 1.21** 0.99–1.46
Place of residence
 Rural     
 Urban 1.20 0.73–1.98 0.64*** 0.50–0.81
Wealth quintile
 Poorest     
 Poorer 0.99 0.72–1.37 0.72*** 0.62–0.83
 Middle 1.25 0.68–2.31 0.60*** 0.46–0.78
 Richer 0.78 0.56–1.07 0.49*** 0.40–0.59
 Richest 0.85** 0.67–1.10 0.45*** 0.38–0.54
Currently working
 Yes     
 No 2.85*** 1.94–4.19 1.73*** 1.47–2.04
Self-rated health
 Poor     
 Good 0.47*** 0.36–0.62 0.61*** 0.54–0.69
Use of tobacco
 Yes     
 No 0.86 0.70–1.07 0.82*** 0.73–0.91
ADL disability
 Severe ADL     
 Moderate ADL 0.15*** 0.11–0.21 0.25*** 0.20–0.32
 No ADL 0.06*** 0.05–0.09 0.16*** 0.13–0.20
IADL disability
 Severe IADL     
 Moderate IADL 0.13*** 0.11–0.17 0.26*** 0.22–0.31
 No IADL 0.07*** 0.05–0.10 0.15*** 0.13–0.18
  1. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.000