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Table 3 The marginal means of healthcare days per month per participant estimated from GLMs

From: Effects of physician visit frequency for Parkinson’s disease treatment on mortality, hospitalization, and costs: a retrospective cohort study

  Inpatient days for all diseases Outpatient days for all diseases Inpatient days for PD Outpatient days for PD
  Coefficient P-value Coefficient P-value Coefficient P-value Coefficient P-value
GLMsa −0.94 < 0.01 0.46 < 0.01 −0.69 < 0.01 1.93 < 0.01
  Days (SE) Days (SE) Days (SE) Days (SE)
Physician visit frequency for PD treatment
 Lower frequency 7.99 (0.28) 2.35 (0.08) 3.98 (0.22) 0.31 (0.01)
 Higher frequency 3.13 (0.11) 3.74 (0.10) 1.99 0.11 2.15 (0.06)
Sex
 Male 5.49 (0.21) 3.05 (0.12) 2.88 (0.17) 1.33 (0.05)
 Female 5.46 (0.19) 3.18 (0.08) 3.02 (0.16) 1.31 (0.04)
Age
 75–79 5.93 (0.30) 3.19 (0.14) 3.10 (0.25) 1.30 (0.06)
 80–84 5.45 (0.23) 3.18 (0.10) 2.96 (0.19) 1.37 (0.06)
 85–89 5.79 (0.27) 2.81 (0.11) 3.27 (0.24) 1.26 (0.06)
  ≥ 90 4.23 (0.30) 3.45 (0.27) 2.18 (0.25) 1.36 (0.11)
Residential facility
 Home 5.94 (0.18) 3.13 (0.08) 3.25 (0.16) 1.30 (0.04)
 Retirement home 5.65 (0.63) 3.34 (0.39) 2.85 (0.52) 1.35 (0.14)
 Long-term care facility 4.09 (0.24) 3.05 (0.18) 2.15 (0.19) 1.38 (0.09)
Long-term care level
 None 4.96 (0.23) 3.26 (0.13) 2.62 (0.18) 1.23 (0.05)
 Requiring help 6.36 (0.46) 3.10 (0.15) 3.81 (0.40) 1.22 (0.07)
 Long-term care level 1–2 5.44 (0.28) 2.86 (0.11) 3.09 (0.24) 1.26 (0.06)
 Long-term care level 3–5 5.83 (0.29) 3.16 (0.20) 2.96 (0.23) 1.60 (0.10)
Mortality
 No 3.90 (0.21) 3.29 (0.12) 2.25 (0.18) 1.27 (0.05)
 Yes 6.30 (0.20) 2.95 (0.10) 3.30 (0.16) 1.37 (0.06)
Malignancy
 No 5.36 (0.16) 3.00 (0.08) 3.05 (0.14) 1.37 (0.04)
 Yes 5.76 (0.28) 3.52 (0.14) 2.74 (0.20) 1.19 (0.06)
Ischemic heart disease
 No 5.15 (0.18) 2.90 (0.09) 2.74 (0.14) 1.24 (0.04)
 Yes 5.89 (0.22) 3.40 (0.10) 3.25 (0.19) 1.42 (0.06)
Cerebrovascular disease
 No 4.62 (0.23) 3.12 (0.15) 2.81 (0.19) 1.28 (0.05)
 Yes 5.83 (0.17) 3.13 (0.07) 3.02 (0.14) 1.34 (0.04)
Dyslipidemia
 No 5.82 (0.19) 2.93 (0.09) 3.24 (0.16) 1.38 (0.05)
 Yes 5.02 (0.20) 3.31 (0.11) 2.58 (0.16) 1.26 (0.04)
Diabetes mellitus
 No 5.49 (0.18) 2.90 (0.08) 3.07 (0.15) 1.27 (0.04)
 Yes 5.45 (0.21) 3.41 (0.12) 2.80 (0.17) 1.39 (0.06)
Dementia
 No 4.55 (0.20) 3.00 (0.09) 2.31 (0.15) 1.19 (0.05)
 Yes 6.01 (0.19) 3.21 (0.10) 3.35 (0.16) 1.40 (0.05)
  1. aGLMs only shows the result of physician visit frequency for PD treatment
  2. Abbreviation: SE Standard error